Temple of Heaven or Tiananmen (天壇) located in the south part of Beijing. Built from the Ming Dynasty of 1420. Open to the public in 1949 with a total area of 2.73 square kilometers. It is the place where the Emperor of the Ming Dynasty The Qing Dynasty is used as a goddess. The emperor is going to sacrifice there for the harvest. Since then, Tiananmen has been used as a place of worship for both heaven and earth. Until the reign of Emperor Jia Ming of the Ming Dynasty. (1522-2110) has built a worship hall. Sun worship hall And moon worship hall Separate out Tian is the name of the altar, the sky, the hymn, the candle, the word Tian, in the name of candle means blue, and tan. Tan refers to the altar that was built and destroyed.
The most outstanding palace. And most importantly. Qi Ni Yuan or “the sacred palace”, the emperor of the Ming Dynasty. Please make it in the year. 1420 as a place The heavenly offerings give cereal crops in the kingdom of abundance of art. The architecture of this palace. Because of that belief. Circle refers to the human world. The building is a cylindrical building 40 meters high, stacked up to 3 floors with dark blue tiles. Dark blue of the roof Meaning heaven There are 28 pylons in the building. There are 4 large pylons, representing four seasons. Outside, the first floor has 12 columns, representing 12 months and 12 months. Instead of 12 meanings.
In one day, according to the time units of ancient China. And south of the building. It is a circular marble yard. The altar is a heavenly sacrifice. Or yuan The so-called blue worship hall. Because of the ancient Chinese belief. All the emperors will bring more than 1,000 vassals and rulers to heaven worship. To thank the angels for making the crop fully harvested. And ask for the season to come to the plantings and streams.
Huangqiongyu Huangpu Bridge or the Statue of Peace. It is a circular building built in 1530, during the reign of Heng Jing Jia of the Ming Dynasty. Made of wood But the back wall is made of brick. The roof is covered with blue tiles. The name of Thep Sathit Rat is derived from the use of this palace is enshrined signs of the gods used in worship, worship, heaven or heaven. Inside the tower is the God of Earth. Sun and moon Used in the sacrifice of the emperor.
Yuan Xiuhuan Yuanqiutan or Heavenly Altar Yuan Xiuwan is a 5-meter high circular mound, divided into 3 floors, built in 1530, during the Ming Dynasty of Ming Dynasty. But to improve widening in the Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty in 2292 used to be the place where the Emperor to worship worship heaven or heaven when entering the winter. Surrounded by white stone jade. Sculpture is a pattern of clouds and dragons.
On the east side of Zheng Yang Gate Built in the 1420s in the Ming Dynasty. The purpose is to sacrifice the goddess of heaven of the King of the Ming Dynasty in those days. Until the Ming Emperor of the Ming Dynasty. The sun worship hall and the moon were separated from the candles. Currently, in addition to becoming a famous tourist destination of China. It was also recognized as a World Heritage Site in 1998.
The historical buildings opens from 8.00 am to 5.00 pm and tickets selling is close at 16.00 pm.
For the exact opening time in different seasons are listed below:
- From March 1 to June 30 open at 8.00 am – 17.30 pm.
- From July 1 to October 31 open at 8.00 am – 18.00 pm.
- From November 1 to February 28 open at 8.00 am – 17.00 pm.
How to get there:
- take subway line #5 to Tiantan Dongmen Station and take exit A. The East Gate entrance is right there.
- visit on the east gate use bus #6, #35, #36, #39, #41, #43.
- Visit on the south gate use take bus #36, #120, #122, #800, #803, #958