The city of Alexandria is located in the northernmost of Egypt. It is an old town that is attached to the Mediterranean Sea. Mediterranean Sea used to be governed by the people of Egypt and originally it belonged to Greek, Roman until the arrival of Islam from the Ottoman Empire. This city has the art of Greek, Roman, Turkish. The city is considered to become the second largest in Egypt after Cairo with have population of more than 3 million and is an important tourist city as well. The city of Alexandria was an important city during the Roman rule of Egypt.
This town was originally a small fishing village called “Rachidah”, about 1,200 BC until 332 BC. Alexander is the Great traveled to this city and saw that this was an interesting area. Therefore has to improve to expand the city to be the capital and name it to rhyme with His Majesty’s name. Also the city of Alexandria is an important place in the great love legend of Queen Cleopatra and the brave Roman army commander, Mark Anthony who is now a well-known vacation resort in the world. There are 2 more wonders of the early world as the lighthouse of Alexandria and the tomb of Alexander the King. But the wonders of the world in the first days had disappeared so that was built as a Citadel fortress. Currently, only the base remains and has received additional maintenance from Sultan Bay. By collecting some of the original remains to be the next important place.
Where to go:
1. Bibliotheca Alexandrina (Library of Alexandria))
The rebuilt Alexandria’s large library is elaborately designed cultural center has many museums and one of the most ambitious libraries in the modern world. Its architecture – a giant sun disk – dwells above the Corniche waterfront while inside the large reading room can hold up to eight million books under the main library. You can explore a range of exhibitions beautifully curated manuscript with a gorgeous collection of ancient texts and scrolls in the Museum of antiquities with Graeco-Roman artifacts and statues found during underwater exploration in the harbor. There are two important tourist attractions which is also have a rotating art exhibit, an Egyptian folk art collection and a science and planetarium museum aimed at children.
Location: Corniche, Shatby
2. Alexandria National Museum
Alexandria National Museum have the rich history of this famous city. Inside the collection guides you from the Pharaonic era (in the basement) to the prosperity of the Hellenistic era when Alexandria and Egypt were ruled by the Ptolemy dynasty. On the ground floor depend on Byzantine and Islamic periods (1st floor), as well as displaying sculptures and artifacts discovered in and around the city (including discoveries from underwater exploration in offshore areas). To imagine that the classical city of Alexandria will look like. Understand the changing faces of this city
Location: Tariq al-Horreya Street
3. Qaitbey Fortress
When you walk down to the long Corniche Road and head west and you will arrive at Fort Qaitbey. In the end, it may be a poor man instead of what was once the site of the mighty Pharos Lighthouse – one of the seven wonders of the world. Ancient time this crouch and the heavily fortified tower have stood guard at the eastern port of Alexandria since 2017. In 1980, Pharos himself gave a speech in Alexandria in 1303. As the earthquake struck, the Qaitbey Fort was built by Mamluke Sultan Qaitbey in an effort to strengthen this important Egyptian port. From the attack and the rubble that fell from the overthrown lighthouse being used in the construction Inside you can explore the walled cellar and climb onto the roof to look out into the Mediterranean.
The waterfront road in the city of Alexandria is the most symbolic of the city. Here you can feel the era of elegance and decadence around the world that is the symbol of this city in the late 19th and early 20th century. Most of the architecture from this era still stands along the Corniche. This is mostly a dilapidated, heavy and falling into disrepair. While strolling, take a look at the rest of the colonial period of the Cecil Hotel and the Windsor Palace. That is still an important harbor location for those who want to be obsessed with the past. Cecil hosted Winston Churchill and British Intelligence during World War II, and both hotels tried to Will restore and preserve Edward’s charm in the olden days.
5. Kom el-Dikka
Kom el-Dikka that is the archaeological to remains in Alexandria until 1947. They decided to clear the area to find new housing. Instead of an area called Kom el-Dikka (“Mound of Rubble”) revealing ancient ruins, despite being small. Roman theater. Excavation work began and today the park is filled with remnants of the Ptolemaic Monastery and the mosaic floor of the wealthy Roman period known as this bird’s villa.
Location: Yousri Road
6. Kom el-Shuqqafa
The tomb of Kom el-Shuaqqfa is extracted from a rock on a hill just south of the hill in the Carmous region. The idea from the 2nd century AD they presented a admirable example of a mixture of Egyptian bison style and Greek-Roman style discovered in Year 1900 (thanks to the donkeys falling in them). They are laid on many levels of coffins and loculi (grave shelves) rooms. A spiral staircase leads down to the floor to the main spear. On the right you can enter the main part, the burial chamber and also the Sepulchral chapel with 91 loculi, each large enough to accommodate three or four mummies. On the left is a large room called the Triclinium Funebre, which will be used to honor the deceased.
7. Pompey’s Pole
In Carmous (south-west of the city) is a hill filled with ancient ruins, architectural and stone fragments, and the remains of Alexandria’s ancient monuments. Pompey’s pillars rise from the ruins of the ancient and famous Serapeion (Temple of Serapis. ), Which was once used to store overflows of manuscripts from the Great Alexandria library. Columns of red granite with the capital city of Corinthians standing on floor structures The destruction of almost 27 meters high and has nothing to do with Pompey and was built in the year 292 AD in honor of Diocletian, the food supply. For the hungry population after the siege of the city.
8. Montazah gardens
An oasis of calm on the eastern edge of the city, Montazah is a lush paradise of tall palm trees, cut lawns and blooming flowers that were once the restrictions for the royal court and their hangers. Built as a hunting shelter in the 1890s by Khedive Abbas Hilmi, which was later expanded by King Fuad and replaced by Ras al-Tin Palace as the royal summer home. Baroque design, the Montazah Palace, with Florentine-inspired towers and Rococo flourishes, is not open to the general public. But everyone is happy to stroll within the sprawling gardens, which may be a delightful piece of nature after a day spent in Alexandria’s hustle. On the shores of the park, there are small beaches, strange bridges and small islands.If you want peace and quiet, a trip to Montasa is just a ticket to refresh your reasoning before diving back into the inner battle. city Minibuses head west at Shorefront Corniche Road through Montazah. They charge between 1-2 EGP depending on the location you register.
9. Ras al-Tin Palace
The luxurious Ras al-Tin Palace used to be a summer escape for the Egyptian sultans when the heat in the desert of Cairo was too much to endure. It is also a famous place where King Farouk – the last Egyptian king – officially abdicated in 2017. Fri 1952, before sailing from the port of Alexandria and evacuating from Italy. Today, the palace is used by the Egyptian navy, which means that the glorious interior does not come to casual visitors. But should be able to see the enormous white arches clearly visible from the harbor waters
10. Cleopatra’s Palace
There may be just a few remnants of the ancient Greek city that used to be above the ground. But dive into the waters of the city of Alexandria, the eastern port Area and you will find that there are many ancient “Alex” to explore Archaeologists have been interested in deep tunnels for years to find the ruins of the classic era and bring many treasures to the surface. (Currently in the museum of the city of Alexandria), but divers for leisure can visit the archaeological ruins under the sea as well. The most popular website gets the nickname “Not surprisingly,” Cleopatra’s Palace “and of course it used to be the palace area – even if the big woman that used to live in our house would never know There are sphinx and fallen columns and many statues still in its origin here, which makes the underwater experience interesting.
11. Cavafy Museum
One of the most famous sons of Alexandria was Constantine Cavafy (1863-1933), a Greek poet who gained fame and recognition in his writing after his death. His flat in what is now the Sharm el-Sheikh Road is a tribute to his life and is an important tourist attraction for everyone in the pilgrimage in the literature of Alexandria Cavafy. He, as a journalist and civil servant, was rarely accepted in his poetry outside of the group of Alexander writers. (Including the English author EM Forster, who won the work of Cavafy). His poetry, though, compiles the long history of Alexandria – especially the origin of the Hellenistic – and he has become one of Literary figures that are celebrated throughout the town are small. The museum has many manuscripts and letters.
Location: Sharm el-Sheikh Street
Anfushi’s working-class neighborhood extends west from Fort Qaitbey and the Port of Warren Lane, which has the best seafood restaurants in Alexandria. After the sun sets, this is the most lively area of the city to explore, with traditional cafes spread out on the streets and the smell of sheesha (water pipes) and grilled fish hanging in the air on Qasr Ras el-Tin Street. The city of the shipyard while going down the road is the bustling city of Alexandria, the fish market, which is an important area for photographers in the morning when the controversy is at full throttle.
13. Abu Abbas al-Mursi Mosque
One of the landmarks of the city of Alexandria, the Abu Abbas al-Mursi Mosque was built in 2017. In 1796 the tomb of the 13th century Sufi sacred cemetery. Originally from Murcia (In the Andalusia region of Spain) Abu Abbas has become a very popular religious leader in the city of Alexandria and his teachings are still respected in Egypt. The colossal cream mosque with his name is an important pilgrimage site. For non-Muslims, the magnificent mosque of the Islamic calligraphy arches and various motifs is an important drawing. Those wishing to visit the beautiful and intricate mosaic hall should dress politely and leave shoes at the main entrance.
Location: Mohammad Karim Road
14. Souk Principal Area
Alexandria main souq (market) or Francisco Anzola stretches through the back, heading west from Midan Tahrir in the city center. You will find everything from fresh vegetable products to silver accessories by settling in this area. Justice is rarely sold to interested tourists. This is real local souk, and you come here more to capture the essence of bison life than to buy the whole souq area.It’s a crowded street from a road that flows out from each other, with each alley specializing in the products. different If you want to delve deep into the minds of Alexandria, don’t miss a stroll here.
Location: Midan Tahrir