Luang Prabang is an ancient city, the first capital city of the Lan Xang Kingdom. The first period began the Lan Xang Kingdom. Formerly known as “Sava City” (pronounced sua) and in 1300 BC Khun Lo, considered the first King of Laos, established Sava as the capital city of the Lan Xang Kingdom and changed the name to the new city. “Chiang Thong”. When King Fah Ngum (1896 – 1916) returned from Cambodia. Because he and the Father had to take refuge because they were driven from the first king Which is truly the amulet of the Reverend Prince.
The Prince was gathering power while in the capital city. or Siem Reap and bringing thousands of forces to recover the throne And established a new Kingdom of Lan Chang And established the city of Chiang Thong as the capital, saying Krungsri Sathan Nakhut Uthom Ratchathani Later in the reign of Phra Photisarachraj He invited Phra Bang, which was originally enshrined in the city of Wiang Kham, enshrined in the city of Chiang Thong, the capital city. The city of Chiang Thong has been called “Luang Prabang” since then.
Luang Prabang is registered as a World Heritage Site because of the many ancient temples With unique colonial-style houses The city is situated on the Mekong River and Nam Khan. Which flows together in the beautiful nature And the people of Luang Prabang have a smiling personality, friendly and have beautiful traditions
Which meets the criteria of UNESCO as follows:
- a very powerful thing Push for continuous development in architectural design, monuments, sculptures, gardens and landscapes, as well as the development of related arts. Or the development of human settlement Which has occurred in a certain period of time Or on any area Of the world that preserves culture
- an outstanding example of the type of structure that represents development Culture, society, fine arts, science, technology and industry in the history of humanity
- an outstanding example of human culture Customs and traditions of architecture Construction method or human settlement which is easily decomposed by the effects of social and cultural change over time
While other world heritage sites may be specifically registered in natural archaeological sites, Luang Prabang, the entire city, was registered as a heritage of humankind in December 1995 and is still regarded as The best preserved city in Southeast Asia