The area that is currently Malaysia Formerly the Srivijaya Kingdom Which flourished in the sea trade very much in the 7-14 century due to the advantage of having a border open to the sea Where is the center of the kingdom? It’s unclear. Some say that the first capital was Palembang, which is on the east coast of Sumatra. Later, this kingdom became more powerful. Due to the union of the people of Silence of Central Java by marriage And still have good political relations with China
The Srivijaya Kingdom began to deteriorate. Due to the geographical features being in an unbroken archipelago Resulting in the enemy being able to take the area to the island one by one Moreover, monopolization and taxation are quite high. Causing foreigners to be dissatisfied In addition, China opened the maritime trade route Then came to buy a junk Causing the kingdom to rely solely on trade, like the Sriwichai Kingdom, could not finally fall to the end With the Mashpahit state in place Has relied on the bravery of Khajmada Important statesman who had influenced Mashpahit to Malaya Until reaching all the islands that are home to Indonesia and Malaysia now combined But finally, the state of Mushpahit deteriorated after Kashmada died. Melaka, a land that is far away, set itself free And came to be important instead
European powers have slowly expanded into this area. Beginning from the Portuguese conquering Malacca Later, the Dutch took possession of Malacca instead. And England came to Penang in 1786 and finally occupied Malacca instead of the Dutch At that time, many Chinese and Indians poured into the British colonial territory. In addition, Penang and Malacca are also a base for merchants. Tin mine master and laborer Which will also be the beginning to change the economic structure of the Malay Peninsula
In England during this rule England has divided the Malay government into 3 types which are
- Straits Settlements consists of Singapore, Penang Island, along with the counties of Wellesley, Kings and Melaka.
- Federation of Malaya Consisting of Perak, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan and Pahang.
- States outside the United States of America, consisting of Kedah, Kelantan, Terengganu, Perlis, Johor. Each department has different administrative methods in detail. Overall it is for the indigenous people to participate in self-government.
After that, there was resistance to England. With the emergence of a nationalist and communist movement But not very successful. By the year 1941, the Japanese landed invade Malaya. And trying various actions In order to build the prosperity of the Maha Asia Burapa But was strongly opposed by the Chinese and British natives Until finally having to surrender
After the Second World War, England saw that it would be more strict than before. But when the policy was implemented, it was strongly opposed by the indigenous people Until having to change to a new attitude By focusing on appointing Malaysian people more However, still not successful Because the natives are politically alert And hoping for true independence Until finally, Malaya gained independence on August 31, 1957, using the name of the Federation of Malaya. Later, on September 16, 1963, changed the country name to Malaysia Federation By combining Singapore, Sabah and Sarawak, Brunei asked to separate under the British custody. Singapore separated itself from Malaysia on August 9, 1965 due to racial, economic and political conflicts.