Republic of Croatia is a name in the Serb language and Korativa Hersvatska (Hrvatska) area 56,542 square kilometers. Is a boomerang country In Europe with territories to the Mediterranean, Central Europe and the Balkans, the capital city Zagreb In current history Croatia was formerly a republic in Yugoslavia. But gained independence in the year 1991 and applying for membership in the European Union in the future There are 4.4 million people in the whole country (2006), comprising of Croatians (89.6%), Serbs (4.54%) and others. Bosnian, Hungarian, Slovak, Czech (5.9% )
In the past, Croatia had merged with Hungary since the end of the 11th century. The Ottoman Empire between the 16th and 17th centuries before the fall of France in the Napoleonic era.
After World War I ended, Croatia was able to distinguish itself as an independent state. And combined with other South Slavic states Has a name called The Kingdom of Serb Kroat and Slovenia (Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes) later changed its name to Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929. After World War 2, the Croatian nationalist group was dissatisfied with the Communist regime and was directed by the Serb, which was a majority citizen. Therefore moving to separate Until the declaration of independence in the year 2534, and then the civil war in Croatia was severe many times during the year 2535. Croatia consists of the Dalmatia region, which inhabits the southern part of the Adriatic Sea, Slavonia, Istria, Warnerliga-Karlovy Vary and central Croatia. With the capital city called Krungsagreap.
Politics and government
- Croatia, formerly one of six republics Which was formed as the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) was under the leadership of the Croatian Marshal, who was able to control the situation of racial disparities to some extent However, after the death of Marshal Pito in 1980, the movement to separate the independence of the republics. In Yugoslavia began to intensify. Croatia held its first elections in 1990, with President Franjo Tudjman elected. And later declared independence, SFRY, resulting in a ceasefire between Croatia and Serb in Croatia, backed by Yugoslavia And ended when the Croatian leaders of Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina Signed the Dayton Peace Accord in 1995.
- After the passing of President Tudjman in 1999, Sijepan Mesic was elected president. New people, who are leaders of the new liberal democracy. Causing Croatia to develop greatly By changing the target And the original policy that gave priority to the struggle to integrate the territories of Bosnia and Herzegovina Which has a large number of Korat people, is an important factor in ending the conflict with Bosnia. Adjustment of relations with Western European countries And becoming a member of the European Union in January 2005. President Stjepan Mesic was elected as the second president and will hold office until 2010.
- In November 2007, the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) was elected as a member of the Tory Council. Later, on January 12, 2008, the Croatian Parliament voted to approve a new government that has Ivo Sanader is the second prime minister. This cabinet consists of 4 Deputy Prime Ministers and 15 Ministers. The Foreign Minister is Mr Gordon Jandrokovic, a new generation of politicians. And is the rising star of the HDZ party
- Sanader’s is second government policy continues to implement the middle policy. Conservative Foreign Affairs promotes closer relations with the United States of America And aiming to make Croatia a member of the European Union (EU) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), hoping to be able to achieve EU membership in 2010. The major burden of domestic activities is development. That is fast Paying serious attention to social problems Reform the judicial system and the management system to be complete And eliminate corruption, Bang Luang
Lists of Croatia City:
1. Omiš (Omis) Town
Omiš or Omis is a town and port in the Dalmatia region of Croatia and is a municipality in the Split-Dalmatia County. The town is situated approximately 25 kilometres south-east of Croatia’s second largest city. Its location is where the Cetina River meets the Adriatic Sea. Omis is a beautiful city and had been bombed and affected during the war between Serb and Colot. This is a small town and port at the mouth of the Cetina River in the littoral of Poljica in the 13th and 14th century.
Dalmatia is a southern region with a Mediterranean climate and landscapes. Dalmatia is one of the four historical regions of Croatia, alongside Croatia proper, Slavonia and Istria. If anyone has heard the name or know the dog name “Dalmatian” that come from name of the city. The earliest mention of Dalmatia as a province came after its establishment as part of the Roman Empire. Dalmatia was ravaged by barbaric tribes in the beginning of the 4th century. Slavs settled in the area in the 6th century, the White Croats settled Dalmatia the following century. In 1527 the Kingdom of Croatia became a Habsburg crown land, in 1812 the Kingdom of Dalmatia is formed. In 1918, Dalmatia was a part of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, then the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. After World War II, Dalmatia became part of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in SR Croatia.
3. Slunj Town
Slunj is a small village town in the mountainous part of Central Croatia located along the important North-South route to the Adriatic Sea between Karlovac and Plitvice Lakes National Park on the meeting of the rivers Korana and Slunjčica. Slunj also known as Rastoke. The combined flow of the national park of Pliny Twig.
4. Karlovac City
Karlovac is a city and municipality in central Croatia. According to the National census held in 2011 population of the settlement of Karlovac was 55,705. Karlovac is the administrative centre of Karlovac County. Karlovac is located at the junction of 4 rivers as 1) the Kupa, 2) Korana, 3) Mrežnica and 4) Dobra. It is therefore locally known as “the city on four rivers”. In fact, only three rivers flow through the city itself and the fourth, the river Dobra, is a bit on the outskirts. Because Karlovac is the home of one of Croatia’s most famous breweries, natives also sometimes joke about the “fifth river”. Also, Karlovac is the famous brewing city of Croatia.
5. Zadar City
Zadar City in Croatia is a major seaport located on the large peninsula of the Adriatic Sea. It is the former capital of Dalmatia which rich in Romanesque history over 3,000 years ago. Zadar City is known for the Roman and Venetian ruins of its peninsular Old Town. There are several Venetian gates in the city walls. Surrounding the Roman-era Forum is 11th-century St. Mary’s Convent, with religious art dating to the 8th century. There’s also the grand, 12th-century St. Anastasia’s Cathedral and the round, 9th-century pre-Romanesque Church of St. Donatus.
Zagreb Capital of Croatia in northwestern part is distinguished by its 18th- and 19th-century Austro-Hungarian architecture. At its center, Upper Town is the site of the Gothic, twin-spired Zagreb Cathedral and 13th-century St. Mark’s Church, with a colorfully tiled roof. Nearby is pedestrian-friendly Tkalčićeva Street, lined with outdoor cafes. Lower Town has the main square, Ban Jelačić, plus shops, museums and parks.
Where to go:
1. St. Lawrence’s Cathedral in Trogir
St. Lawrence’s Cathedral or Cathedral of Saint Lawrence (Trogir), Croatia built in the 12th century. The beautifully framed and carved stone door. There are statues of lions, Adam & Eve, and statues of St. Lawrence. At the dedication of this cathedral.
2. Plitvice Jezera National park
Plitvice Jezera National Park is a national park that been record on the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979. The park covers an area of 296 square kilometers. Most of the area is covered by lush green, emerald and blue lakes with 16 lakes connected by walkways, wooden bridges, lakes and hills. This place will enjoy the beauty of lakes and waterfalls flowing into the lagoon all over. Also, at the national park can watch the fish swim in the crystal clear pool of blue sky surrounded by valleys.
3. St. Mark’s Church in Zagreb
St. Mark’s Church with beautiful roofs. The Church of St. Mark is the parish church of old Zagreb, Croatia located in St. Mark’s Square. In the world of ancient gates that location of Madonna icon with fire in the 19th century by the event that everything was burning. Only the icons remain. The people to worship and worship. The “HALALA” sign is a marble slab that translates into a wall.
4. Zagreb’s Lower Town in Zagreb
Zagreb’s Lower Town is a city square surrounded by trendy shops. The Town is one of 17 Zagreb’s districts. It is located in the very center of the city of Zagreb Croatia Community and Community Center This is where the new and old blue tram lines. Visit the monument of the great Ban Josip Jelačić who fought for independence from Hungary in 1848.