Halong Bay (Vịnh Hạ Long) is a bay in the area of Tonkin Gulf, in the northern part of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, near the border with the People’s Republic of China. The total area is 1,500 square kilometers. The coastline is 120 km long, 170 km east of Hanoi. Named after the Vietnamese pronunciation, “Vinh Ha Long” refers to the “bay of dragons” in Halong Bay. There are 1,969 limestone islands. The island emerges from the sea surface at the top of each island.
Many islands have large caves inside. The largest cave in the bay is the wooden cave (Hang Dau Go), formerly known as Grotte des Merveilles, named after French tourists who visited the bay at the end of the 19th century. 3 hollows are large stalactites and stalagmites. The islands are the largest in the Bay Area, two are Banyan Island and Tuan Chau Island. Both of these islands are permanently settled. On the island there are many hotels and beaches serving tourists. Other smaller islands have some beautiful beaches that tourists visit. Some islands are home to fishing villages. And some islands are also inhabited by many animals such as jungle, antelope, ape and chameleon. These islands are often named after the strange shapes such as Koh Chang (Voi Islet), Ga Choi Islet, Koh Mai Nha (Mai Nha Islet).
In the past, long ago. While the Vietnamese were fighting the invading Chinese army. God has sent a dragon army to help protect the land of Vietnam. These dragons dive into the sea at the current Halong Bay. The jewels and jade shot out. These gems become small islands scattered throughout the bay. As a defense against invaders. The Vietnamese had successfully defended their land and established a country that was later Vietnam. Some modern myths say that. There is also legendary animal named Tarasque living at the bottom of the bay. On 17 December 1994, Halong Bay was registered as a World Heritage Site at the 18th UNESCO World Heritage List.