Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon)
Sri Lanka or the official name is the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka as an island nation in the Indian Ocean which near the southeastern coast of the Indian subcontinent. It was formerly known as the Continent, Sinhalese and Ceylon. This name used in the colonial period 1974 and the name is still used on occasion. The current name is Sri Lanka. Affected by the battle Intergovernmental The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, which had a ceasefire agreement in early 2002.
Brief History Sinhalese from southern India settled in Sri Lanka. In the late 6th century BC Buddhism began to spread in Sri Lanka in the middle of the third century BC for civilization in this land was born into a city. About 200 BC, by the 14th century, a South Indian dynasty took power in the northern part of the island. And established the kingdom of Tamil. Sri Lanka was occupied by Portugal in the 16th century and was occupied by the Dutch in the 17th century. Finally, it was completely under British control. In 1815, Sri Lanka gained its independence in 1948 and changed its name from Ceylon to Sri Lanka in 1972. The conflict between the Sinhalese people Most of the Tamil separatist groups erupted into war in 1983, because Tamils wanted to rule themselves. Thousands of people died. Due to the clash between these two groups. The fighting was carried out two decades later. The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) reached a ceasefire agreement in February 2002. Norway was the mediator of the negotiations.
As the capital city of Sri Lanka is steeped in a colonial legacy, as evoked by its tearooms, museums and architecture. Visiting this ‘garden city of the East’ is like travelling back in time. Begin your journey at the National Museum of Colombo, which exhibits collections of cultural heritage from prehistoric, Anuradhapura, and Polonnaruva civilizations to the present period, including 9th Century Buddhist statues, regalia and coins.
Over 1,000 years of old Kelaniya Temple is one of the most sacred sites of Sri Lanka and houses murals depicting the important events in the life of the Buddha. Travel further to the city of Kandy where the relic of the tooth of the Buddha is kept, or opt to swing an afternoon away at Galle Face Green, a picnic spot popular with the locals. Do not miss Koggala Beach for the unforgettable sight of stilt fishermen silhouette against the sunset sky.
The climate of Colombo is about 27 degrees Celsius in the high plateau. The temperature can drop to 16 degrees Celsius from a mountain that is 2,000 meters above sea level. Sunny day Sri Lankan Airspace The southeast monsoon brings rain from May to July and blows northwestward. South and Central Northern and eastern regions are influenced by the northeast monsoon in December to Jan.
Sri Lanka nationality are as Sinhalese (74 percent), Tamil (8 percent), Moore (Muslims from India and Middle East), 7 percent, and others, Burger, Wade, and Malay. Also, language are Sinhalese language Tamil (in national language as well) and English in general use in the public sector of Sri Lanka.
Religion mostly are Buddhism, 70 percent Hindu, 7 percent Christian, 6 percent Islam, 7 percent and other 10 percent. Sri Lanka National Day (Independence Day) is February 4. The literacy rate was 92.3 percent (2004), 94.8 percent male and 90 percent female. Currency of Sri Lankan call Sri Lanka Rupee.
Where to go:
1. Seema Malaka Temple in Colombo, Sri Lanka
Seema Malaka is a Buddhist temple in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The temple is mainly used for meditation and rest, rather than for worship. Situated in the Beira Lake, the temple was originally constructed in the late 19th century.
2. Pettah Market (Manning Market)
Pettah Market (Manning Market) is a neighbourhood in Colombo, Sri Lanka located east of the City centre Fort. The Pettah neighborhood is famous for the Pettah Market, a series of open air bazaars and markets.
3. National Museum of Colombo
National Museum of Colombo in Colombo, Sri Lanka also known as the Sri Lanka National Museum is one of two museums in Colombo. It is the largest museum in Sri Lanka. It is maintained by the Department of National Museum of the central government. The Museum located at Sir Marcus Fernando Mawatha, Colombo 00700, Sri Lanka and be found since 1986.
4. Viharamahadevi Park
Viharamahadevi Park (formerly Victoria Park) is a public park located in Colombo, next to the National Museum in Sri Lanka. It is the oldest and largest park of the Port of Colombo. Situated in front of the colonial-era Town Hall building, the park is named after Queen Viharamahadevi, the mother of King Dutugamunu.
5. Beira Lake
Beira Lake is a lake in the center of the city of Colombo in Sri Lanka. The lake is surrounded by many large businesses in the city. This lake is expansive lake near the city center known for its scenic island, Buddhist temple & lakefront paths.
6. Khan Clock Tower
The Khan Clock Tower was built in Colombo, Sri Lanka by the Khan Family of Bombay. The Clock Tower is a popular landmark and marks the entrance to Pettah Market. The Clock Tower was built in the early 20th century by the family of Framjee Bhikhajee Khan.
7. Independence Memorial Hall in Colombo
Independence Memorial Hall (also Independence Commemoration Hall) is a national monument in Sri Lanka built for commemoration of the independence of Sri Lanka from the British rule with the restoration of full governing responsibility to a Ceylonese-elected legislature on February 4, 1948.
8. Galle Face Green Picnic in Colombo
Galle Face is a 5 ha ocean-side urban park, which stretches for 500 m along the coast, in the heart of Colombo, the financial and business capital of Sri Lanka. This ocean-side urban park with coastal views once served as a straight shot for firing cannons against the Portuguese. But today, people search of fresh air, local sports.
9. Gangaramaya Buddhist Temple in Colombo
Gangaramaya Buddhist Temple in Colombo is one of the most important temples in Colombo, Sri Lanka, being a mix of modern architecture and cultural essence. Gangaramaya is one of the oldest Buddhist temples started by the famous scholar monk Hikkaduwe Sri Sumangala Nayaka Thera in the late 19th.
10. Wolvendaal Christian Church
Wolvendaal Church (Christian Reformed Church) is located in Pettah of Colombo, Sri Lanka. It is one of the most important Dutch Colonial era buildings in Sri Lanka, and is one of the oldest Protestant churches still in use in the country.
11. Colombo Dutch Museum in Colombo
The Colombo Dutch Museum is a museum that covers the history of the Dutch colonial rule in Sri Lanka. This two storied large building reflecting the features of a 17th century Dutch Urban house was built by Thomas Van Rhee. In year 1932 was converted to the Pettah Post Office as following protests by the Royal Asiatic Society and the Dutch Burgher Union against plans to demolish the building. In committee was established with representatives from the Ceylon Tourist Board, the Department of Archaeology. The Netherlands Alumni Association of Lanka and the National Archives was to restore the building and establish a museum covering the Dutch colonial period.
12. Pettah Floating Markets
The Pettah Floating Markets are located on Bastian Mawatha in Pettah, a neighborhood in Colombo, Sri Lanka, and consist of 92 trade stalls, with a number of the stalls established on boats on Beira Lake. The Pettah Floating Market opened on the 25th of August to a lot of hype, and it’s worth it. The floating market serves as a tourist attraction selling local produce and local handicraft.