The city of Angkor located at Siem Reap Province, Cambodia. This place is an important evidence of the greatness and prosperity of the Cambodian kingdom in the past. Also reflecting the ingenious wisdom of architecture and sculptures of ancient Khmer ancestors. The history of the castle town of Phra Nakhon began after King Chaiworaman II (reigning 1345-1378 BC) declared the separation of land independent from Java. Later, the royal family built the capital at Haramalai North of the Tonle Lake. After that King Yoswannaman 1 (reigned 1432-1453 BC) initiated the relocation of the capital to Yasothon Pura, or later known as “City of Phra Nakhon” is considered the era of creating hundreds of castles Later, when the reign of King Suryavarman II (reigning in 1656 – around 1693), a great Angkor Wat was born. Later, when King Jayavarman VII ascended the throne (1724 – 1761 BC), he ordered the capital to be moved. To Angkor Thom and also built many more castles, such as Bayon Castle, Ta Phrom Castle
Importance and architectural features
The capital city is one of the most important archaeological sites in Southeast Asia and is an important tourist destination in Cambodia. The Phra Nakhon ancient park has an area of over 400 square kilometers. Covering forest areas and stone castles Estimated that in the ancient park there are temples and More than 100 stone castles, important historic sites such as Angkor Wat, Angkor Wat Temple, Angkor Thom or Prasat Nakorn Thom, Bayon Castle, Sin Sin Circle, Khmer empire based on Hinduism, astrology and worship of their gods and gods. Therefore, the Khmer architecture is based on one system, with boundaries, axes, and other architectural variables having units of measure or size depending on the size of the object and the logical division of components into each section. These buildings are concealed in the concepts of religion, worship, calendar and cosmology. Important archaeological sites in the capital city include.