GED Test Subjects – What subjects are on the GED?

The GED® test is made up of 4 subjects, broken into separate exams. You don’t have to take all 4 tests at once – you can space them out however it suits you and go at your own pace. Here is an overview of what is on the GED, by subject area.

  • Mathematics
  • Social Studies
  • Science
  • English Reading
  • English Writing

What Subjects Are on the GED?

GED Test Subject Areas
There are 4 main subjects covered on the GED exams. Students will need to pass tests in each of the 4 areas to earn their GED. These tests are designed to ensure that individuals who earn their GED have the skills and knowledge equivalent to high school graduates.

Math GED Test
Algebraic problem solving and quantitative problem solving are the two main components of the Mathematics GED test. This exam is just shy of 2 hours in length; you’ll be given 115 minutes to complete it. Almost half of that time is allotted to quantitative questions that involve performing calculations and showing you applied mathematical principles and theories to your reasoning. The remaining 55% of the test focuses on algebraic questions. An on-screen calculator is available for most questions on this test.

If you’re looking for a resource to help improve your problem-solving skills and find out what types of math questions you’ll need to answer, check out this GED Math: Quantitative, Arithmetic & Algebraic Problem Solving study guide. In addition to self-paced video lessons, it includes short quizzes you can use to check your work.

Reasoning Through Language Arts GED Test
The Reasoning Through Language Arts GED exam takes 2.5 hours to complete. This test concentrates on assessing a student’s reading and writing skills. You will need to demonstrate that you can not only understand informational and fictional texts that are presented to you but also present information in writing by responding to an extended response question. The test also requires you to show you can edit and revise text.

Brush up on your reading comprehension, writing and grammar skills with the lessons included in this study guide devoted to the GED Reasoning Through Language Arts test.

Science GED Test
The Science GED test is 1.5 hours long and includes life, physical, earth and space science questions. The smallest portion of the test (20%) covers earth and space science, while life and physical science questions each make up 40% of the exam. In addition to a variety of selected-response questions, you’ll be asked to respond to two short-answer prompts.

You can review these science topics and learn more about the different types of questions you can expect with this GED Science: Life, Physical and Chemical study guide.

Social Studies GED Test
The Social Studies GED exam covers 4 main topics. You will be tested on your knowledge of economics, U.S. history, civics and government and geography and the world. The civics and government test questions make up 50% of the test. Twenty percent of the test covers U.S. history, and the remainder of the test is divided between economics and geography and the world. At 70 minutes, the Social Studies test is the shortest of the 4 GED tests.

Check out this GED Social Studies: Civics & Government, US History, Economics, Geography & the World study guide if you’re interested in reviewing for this part of the test.