Complete nutrients, including proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals, nourish the whole brain. Therefore should not lack any nutrients Especially during the development of brain cells in the womb, and the creation of a brainstorming network when the baby is out of the womb. But there are some nutrients that are insufficient When the child grows up And the child begins to eat extra food, with the mother’s milk becoming insufficient for the needs of the child
Sufficient energy from food Energy from most foods is derived from starch and fat foods. When the amount of energy obtained from food is not enough Building cells and tissues Will be slow Brain cells are also affected. Will result in fewer brain cells And the wires in the nerves are created that are not continuous
- Iron in breast milk has a good amount of iron. But not enough to accumulate When children grow up around the age of 6-8 months, the amount of iron in milk is not enough. Foods that have been given to children since the age of 4 months should be added with iron-rich foods such as liver or eggs. Iron deficiency is more common in preschool children. And school age, many studies have found that The lack of iron makes the memory and concentration of children deteriorate.
- DHA from fish helps nourish the brain. The relationship between fish and brain has been studied a lot, especially in Japan. At the end of last year Research has shown clearly that DHA or decosapentaenoic acid In fish oil plays an important part in brain development Especially in memory and learning. It is believed that DHA passes into the brain and enhances the growth of the nerve endings, called dendrites, which act to transmit signals and passing information between brain cells together Cause memory and learning. DHA is abundant in marine fish such as tuna, fish, mackerel, etc. The consumption of marine fish is about 30 grams per day and 2-3 times a week. Can increase the omega-3 essential fatty acids in foods up to 0.2-5.0 grams per day, which means higher DHA exposure because there is a lot in such fatty acids for in Thailand Sea fish found to contain high amounts of omega-3 fatty acids, such as mackerel, fish, crow, snapper, and fish, should be added to the fish in some of the baby’s supplement foods at the age of 6 months
- Vitamin A This vitamin helps build various mucous membranes. Throughout the body as well as helping the optic nerve to function fully The lack of this vitamin will have an effect. Causing respiratory and gastrointestinal infections easily Which will directly or indirectly affect the development of the brain This vitamin can be made from carotene. Which is found mostly in the remaining colored vegetables or red, such as pumpkin, carrot, etc. Eating carotene is not a side effect, only to make the skin generally yellow when this symptom is found. Should eat away Because pumpkin is Thai food That is easy to find, cheap and has a sweet taste Therefore mixed with rice as a supplement for the child from the age of 4-5 months
- Minerals and other vitamins B vitamins, including vitamin B1, vitamin B2, niacin, pyridine and B12, contribute to the activity of cells in changing glucose into energy. The lack of this group of vitamins has resulted in the reduction of cells throughout the body and brain cells to function. Tea tends to affect learning other minerals such as iron, copper, magnesium, phosphorus, iodine and others, affecting cell function. Brain as well Which these vitamins and minerals Found in meat food groups Should add meat such as fish, chicken, pork or seafood in the food supplement of the child at the age of 5 months
- Choline is a substance found in breast milk. Wheat calciferous vegetables are an important part in the development of the baby’s intelligence. Since being in the mother’s womb until 5 years, acting like DHA but more Which can inhibit free radicals that may damage brain cells as well Therefore, babies should eat breast milk. Or receiving choline supplements from other sources In order to have good wisdom