Kazakhstan General Information

Kazakhstan has the official name Republic of Kazakhstan (Republic of Kazakhstan) is a landlocked country Has extensive coverage in Asia And a republic in the former Soviet Union Bordering Russia China And Central Asian countries including Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan And has a coast on the Caspian Sea Kazakhstan used to be part of the Soviet Union. Kazakhstan is a country that has The 9th largest area in the world, however, has a large number of steppe areas and therefore has a population of 57, with about 6 people per square kilometer.

Located in Central Asia In the middle of the Eurasia plain between Russia and Uzbekistan By the east of China West to the Caspian Sea Northeast, adjacent to Kyrgyzstan South-west, Turkmenistan. Republican democratic regime has a presidency With total power under the constitution At present, Mr. Nur Sultanan Sarayev (Nursultan Nazarbayev) (since 1 December 1991)

The capital city of Astana is located in the north of the country. With a population of about 550,000 people with an area of ​​2.7 million square kilometers (1.56 million square miles), Kazakhstan is therefore the 9th largest country in the world with the same size as Western Europe.

The major cities of the country include Astana (the capital since June 1998), Almaty (the former capital city Used to be known as Alma-Ata and before 1917 (1917) in the name of Nehru) Karakandi Shim Kent Semey (Semipa Latinos) and the Tour Case Used to be known as Yasi.

Topography From east to west From the Caspian Lake to the Tarim Basin (Xinjiang) and the Altai Mountains And from the north to the south From the plains of Western Siberia to the oasis and desert of Central Asia. The length of the border: Russia 6,846 kilometers, Uzbekistan, 2203 kilometers, China 1,533 kilometers, Kyrgyzstan 1,051 kilometers and Turkmenistan 379 kilometers.

Important rivers and lakes include:

  • Aral Sea
  • Ely River
  • Irish River
  • Eim River
  • Lake Balchash
  • Lake Sunrise

Categories: Asia, Travel

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