Uzbekistan or the official name Republic of Uzbekistan (Republic of Uzbekistan) is a country in Central Asia that is surrounded by landlocked countries (doubly landlocked country) bordering Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan. Places and Turkmenistan Uzbekistan used to be part of the Soviet Union.
Alexander the Great took possession of the land of Uzbekistan in 367 BC. Later, this land was annexed as part of the Persian Empire. The 6th century before being taken over by the Mongol Empire of Genghis Khan in 1220. In the 13th century, the warlord Timur (Tamerlane) had power over Mongol and established his own kingdom in Samarkand. Which Timer became the symbol of the creation of the Uzbek nation in modern times
The 19th century, when the Russian Empire expanded its powers in the Central Asian region Uzbekistan became part of the Soviet Union. Named Uzbekistan Soviet Socialist Republic Before receiving independence after the collapse of the Soviet Union on August 31, 1991. The country is republican democracy model.
Uzbekistan measures 1450 km West to East and 930 km North to South. Mostly flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes; broad, flat intensely irrigated river valleys along course of Amu Darya, Syr Darya (Sirdaryo) and Zarafshon; Ferghana Valley in east surrounded by mountainous Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan; shrinking Aral Sea in west.
Syr Darya crosses the Ferghana Valley and runs on the North East edge of the Kizil Kum Desert. It is 2212 km long (3019 km including its source Naryn). In antiquity, it was called Jaxartes. Syr Darya flows into the (smaller) Northern part of the Aral Sea.
Amu Darya rises in the Hindukush and has a length of 2540 km. It was called Oxus in antiquity. It can be a rapid river in spring and is called Dsaihun (suffering from rabies) in Arabic. The river has changed its course several times. Konye Urgench in Turkmenistan, the capital of the old empire of Chwarezm, was situated on the banks of the Amu Darya. Today the distance between the river and the old city is about 40 km. Amu Darya flows into the (bigger) Southern part of the Aral Sea.