Turkey Country Basic Information

Turkey is bordered on the east by Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran, with the border on the south, Iraq, Syria and the Mediterranean. The western part is adjacent to Greece, Bulgaria and the Aegean Sea. North of the Black Sea. The Anatolian and Tangerian sections are the Marmara Sea. And the Turkish Straits (The Bosphorus Strait and the Dardanelles Strait), which are often bordered by Asia and Europe. Turkey is a land of many continents.

Part of the location is in the south-east of Europe (3%). North of the Black Sea East adjacent to Georgia and Armenia. South Iraq, Syria and the Mediterranean. North Bulgaria and Greece

Turkey is a land of two continents, with territories in Asia and Europe. Turkey on the Asian side, covering most parts of the Anatolia Peninsula. The area is 97 percent of the country and is separated from Turkey by Europe, with the Bosporus Strait, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Dardanelles. The Mediterranean Sea, which borders the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, is located on the European side of the Balkans, accounting for 3% of the total area. The territory of Turkey is rectangular with a length of more than 1,600 km and 800 km wide. Turkey has a total area (including lakes) about 783,562 square kilometers. Turkey is surrounded by three seas. Western Aegean Black Sea North There is also the Mediterranean Sea in the northwest.

The Asian side of Asia is often called Anatolia or Asia Minor. Highland in the middle of the country. It lies between the Black Sea and the North of Guarulh, with the Tasmanian Mountains in the south and the narrow coastal plains. The eastern part of Turkey is characterized by mountains and so on. The river Euphrates, the Tigris River and the Arir River. There is also Lake Day. And Ararat It is the highest point of Turkey at 5,165 meters.
The diverse terrain is caused by the movement of the crust. Happened for thousands of years. It is still present in the form of frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. The Bosphorus Strait and the Dardanelles Strait are formed by the intersection of the lithosphere. Through Turkey causes black sea. In the north of the country there are seismic seams lying in the west to east. This is the cause of the major earthquake in the year. 1999

Weather of The Mediterranean coast is Mediterranean. Summer is hot and arid. The weather is warm and rainy. The mountains are located near the coast, blocking the middle of the country. Is continental There is a distinct difference between the seasons. Winter in the middle of the high plateau. The temperature drops to -30 to -40? Snow can cover up to 4 months per year.

West coast has an average winter temperature of less than 1? Hot summer and arid In the daytime temperatures above 30? Average annual precipitation is about 400 millimeters. Actual volume varies with altitude. The dryest areas are the Plains and the Maltese Plains, which have lower rainfall. The annual rainfall is less than 300 mm. The most rainy month is May. And the drought is July and August.

Population – ethnicity
In 2007, Turkey had a population of 70.5 million people and had a growth rate of 1.04 percent per year. The population density was 92 people per square kilometer. The population density in each province varies from 11 people per square kilometer (in Jeju) to 2,420 people per square kilometer. (In Istanbul). The median age for the population is 28.3. According to official data, in 2005, the median age of the population was 71.3 years.
Most of the Turkish people are named Turkish Airlines. Other important ethnicities include the Kurdish, Serbian, Bosnian, Georgian, Albanians, Romanians, Arabs, and three other ethnic groups. Official recognition includes Greek, Armenian and Jewish among these peoples. The largest group is the Kurdish population (about 12.5 million people), who often live in the south-east of the country.

After World War II, many Turks migrated to Western Europe. (Especially West Germany) due to increased demand for labor in Europe. Resulting in a Turkish community outside of the country. But in the latter part of time, Turkey became the destination of migrants from neighboring countries. Both immigrants settled in Turkey. And those who use Turkey are on their way to Europe.

Language in Turkey has only one official language which Turkish language is also spoken in many areas in Europe, such as Cyprus, southern Kosovo, Macedonia, and areas in the Balkans that were once part of the Ottoman Empire, such as Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bulgaria, Greece, Romania and Serbia. There are also more than 2 million Turkish speakers living in Germany. There are Turkish speakers in Austria, Belgium, France, Italy, Netherlands, Switzerland. And the United Kingdom.

Education in Turkey is compulsory. Literacy rates are 95.3% in men, 79.6% in men, and 87.4% in women. The literacy rate for women is lower than for men in the district. The countryside still has a landscape. Old fashioned not popular for women to study. 99% of Turkey religions are Islamic.


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