Basic Information for Belgium

Belgium or the Kingdom of Belgium is a country in Northwest Europe. Its territory is in the Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg, France and the North Sea. Belgium is a founding member of the European Union and the headquarters. Like many other international organizations, including the Defense Treaty Organization North Atlantic. Brussels is the Capital of Belgium.

Belgium has a relatively high language diversity. Affects the complexity of the system. Belgium is divided into two major regions. Flanders The majority of the population speaks Dutch and Walloon, with most of the population speaks French, Brussels, the capital of Belgium. Bilingual Located in Flanders. There is also a German-speaking community in the east of Valence. The word Belgian is derived from the Gallia Belgica, a Roman province with a resident Belgae.

Geography as Belgium borders France (620 km), Germany (167 km), Luxemburg (148 km) and the Netherlands (450 km), with a total area of ​​30,528 sq. Km, a water surface of 250 km². Divided into three parts Coastal Plains Central Plateau And Arden High.

Belgian Coastal Plain Composed of many sand dunes. Deep into the land is a flat pasture and canal. The Ardennes Highlands are densely forested. The average elevation is 460 meters in the southeast of Belgium. The area is rocky. Not suitable for agriculture The highest point of Belgium is the high-valleys, 694 meters. The main rivers of Belgium are the Esco River. And the River Mussel The waters are in France. Esco River is the main river of Belgium. Through the ports of Antwerp, Brussels and Ghent

Weather of Coastal climate is damp and mild. While deep in the continent, the temperature range is higher. In the highlands, Ardenes has a hot summer season with a cold winter. The average monthly rainfall in Brussels is between 55 millimeters in February and 78 millimeters in July. [9] While the average temperature in Brussels is 15-18 degrees Celsius in June-September. And down to 3 degrees in January and February. According to the United Nations report in the year. In 2003, the river water quality in Belgium was the lowest in all 122 countries.

Belgium has three official languages: Dutch, French and German. It is estimated that 60% of Dutch speakers are native speakers and 40% are French. In German, less than 1% of speakers speak Dutch, mostly in the north of the country. It is the official language of the Flemish Region and the Flemish Community. And one of the two official languages ​​of the Capital Region. French speakers are concentrated in the south of the country. It is the official language of the French community. One of the official languages ​​of the capital. And the main language of the Walloon Region. German speakers are in the eastern border of the country. It is the official language in some parts of the Walloon. Other languages ​​spoken in Belgium include the Walloon language, the card language, the francophone language, and the lingua franca.

Christianity Roman Catholicism is the main religion of Belgium. By surveying and studying religion in the year. In 2001, 47 percent of the country’s population declared themselves Catholics. And there are about 364,000 Muslims, or about 3.5 percent of the population. The political system is federal. Parliamentary democracy The king is the head of state under the constitution.

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