Book/Novel

August 8 in History Year

Year history that been record in date 8 of August.

  • 1902 – Paul Dirac , a British physicist and founder of quantum mechanics was born
  • 1961 – Peking Opera Performing Artist Mei Lanfang died in Beijing due to illness
  • 1980 – Pakistani President Yahya Khan died
  • 1987 – Chinese medical scientist Zhang Xiaoyu passed away
  • 2008 – The 29th Summer Olympic Games opens in Beijing

Year 1902 – Paul Adrien

Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac OM FRS (born from 8 August 1902 – 20 October 1984) was an English theoretical physicist who is regarded as one of the most significant physicists of the 20th century. Dirac made fundamental contributions to the early development of both quantum mechanics and quantum electrodynamics.

Year 1961 –

Mei Baojiu, a Peking Opera master died at the age of 82 this morning in Beijing. According to Beijing News. Mei, the son of famous Peking Opera artist Mei Lanfang passed away due to sudden respiratory arrest said an employee of Beijing Peking Opera Theater.

Year 1980 – Yahya Khan

Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq was Pakistan President widely known as Yahya Khan, was the third President of Pakistan, serving in this post from 25 March 1969 until turning over his presidency in December 1971. Having participated in the Mediterranean theatre of World War II on behalf of Great Britain’s British Indian Army, he opted for Pakistani citizenship and joined its military after the United Kingdom partitioned India in 1947, and helped in executing the covert infiltration in Indian Kashmir that sparked the war with India in 1965. After being controversially appointed to assume the army command in 1966, he took over the presidency from unpopular former dictator and elected President Ayub Khan, who was not able to deal with the 1969 uprising in East Pakistan, forced to resign by protests and offered him the office. Yahya Khan subsequently enforced martial law by suspending the constitution. Holding the nation’s first nationwide elections in 1970, 23 years after independence, he delayed the power transition to victorious Sheikh Mujibur Rahman from East Pakistan, which further inflamed the civil violent unrest in the East, and authorized the East Pakistani authorities to violently suppress the rebellion in which somewhere from several hundred thousand to about 3,000,000 were killed in what is today widely considered the 1971 Bangladesh genocide.

Pakistan suffered a decisive defeat in the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971, resulting in the dissolution of the Eastern Command of the Pakistan Army and the secession of East Pakistan as Bangladesh – thus Yahya Khan’s rule is widely regarded as a leading cause of the break-up of the unity of Pakistan. Following these events, he turned over the leadership of the country to Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the leading politician from West Pakistan, and resigned from the command of the military in disgrace, both on 20 December 1971.He was then stripped of his service honours and put under house surveillance for most of the 1970s. After being released from these restrictions in 1977, he died in Rawalpindi in 1980. He is viewed largely negatively by Pakistani historians and is considered among the least successful of the country’s leaders. source by wikipedia

Year 1987 – Chinese medical scientist Zhang Xiaoyu passed away

Year 2008 – The 29th Summer Olympic Games opens in Beijing

Gymnast Li Ning carries the Olympic Torch during the Opening Ceremony for the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics at the National Stadium on August 8, 2008 in Beijing, China. A total of 10,942 athletes from 204 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) competed in 28 sports and 302 events (one event more than those scheduled for the 2004 Games). This was the first time that China had hosted the Summer Olympics, but the third time that the Games had been held in East Asia, following the 1964 Olympics in Tokyo, Japan, and the 1988 Olympics in Seoul, South Korea. These were the second summer Olympic Games staged in a Communist country, after the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow and the third in a developing country after the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico and the 1980 Summer Olympics in the Soviet Union.

Beijing was awarded the 2008 Games over four competitors on 13 July 2001, having won a majority of votes from members of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) after two rounds of voting. The Government of the People’s Republic of China promoted the Games and invested heavily in new facilities and transport systems. A total of 37 venues were used to host the events, including twelve constructed specifically for the 2008 Olympics. The equestrian events were held in Hong Kong, making this the third Olympics for which the events were held under the jurisdiction of two different NOCs. The sailing events were contested in Qingdao, while the football events took place across several different cities.

The official logo for the 2008 Games, titled “Dancing Beijing”, featured a stylised calligraphic character jīng (京, means capital) in reference to the host city. The Beijing Olympics was watched by 3,500,000,000 people worldwide and featured the longest distance for an Olympic Torch relay. The event sets numerous world and Olympics records in the history of Sports, and is also the most expensive Summer Olympics of all time and second-most expensive overall, after the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi. The opening ceremony was lauded by spectators and numerous international presses as spectacular and spellbinding, and by many accounts “the greatest ever in the history of Olympics” source by wikipedia

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