Most of northern Thailand has a steep mountainous landscape. There is cooler weather than other regions. Most provinces have tourist attractions for tourists to experience a lot of cold weather such as Doi Inthanon, Phu Chi Fa, Doi Tung, Doi Mae Salong etc.
Northern or Lanna, a land of diverse traditions and cultures that are no less interesting than other parts of Thailand. Because it is a city full of magical charm Inviting more to experience these splendor As for the tourists who visit Were impressed with the many tourist attractions and the overwhelming spirit of the northern people Therefore, anyone who has not yet had a chance to visit once will probably have to go anyway. Then, we would like to bring a little history together with information about the culture and traditions of the north. In case of being a guide for friends to study and research before traveling to the northern city
For the north of Thailand The topography is mountainous area, alternating flat land between mountains. In which people live divided into groups May be called the Lanna culture group By having its own way of life and old traditions, unique But the important elements are still very similar, such as the accent, speaking, singing, dancing, living like a farmer. Respecting the sacred things and spirits of ancestors Devotion in Theravada Buddhism The expression of thoughts and emotions through language, literature, music and crafts, even celebrating ancient landmarks.
In the past, culture of urban people or Lanna people Centered in the city of Nop Buri, Srinakharin, Chiang Mai According to the name of the kingdom that has the governing city state Was founded in the 18th century by Phaya Mengrai
Because the majority of the northern region is mountainous, alternating with valley basins Resulting in extremely cold winters In the summer the temperature is quite high. Because it is far from the sea The forest is considered a source of many important rivers, including the Ping River, Wang River, Yom River and Nan River. With a total area of 93,690.85 square kilometers. And when compared to the size, the northern region will have the closest area to Hungary But will be slightly smaller than South Korea.
The northern region has a total of 17 provinces divided into the northern region. And the lower northern region as follows:
There are 9 provinces in the upper northern region, which are
- Chiang Rai Province
- Chiang Mai Province
- Nan province
- Phayao Province
- Phrae Province
- Mae Hong Son province
- Lampang Province
- Lamphun Province
- Uttaradit Province
The lower northern region has 8 provinces, which are
- Tak Province
- Phitsanulok Province
- Sukhothai Province
- Phetchabun Province
- Phichit Province
- Kamphaeng Phet Province
- Nakhon Sawan Province
- Uthai Thani Province
The traditional dress of the northern region varies according to the ethnicity of the urban people. Due to people of various ethnicities living in the area which indicates the identity of each area
- women wear sarongs or sarongs that are almost as long as the Astragalus. Which is popular to wear both young and old Sarong bags are exquisite, beautiful, and the feet of the skirt have beautiful patterns. The shirt is a round neck shirt with colorful, beautiful patterns, may cover with shawl and hair.
- Men like to wear long pants. The three-section trousers style is called “Tia”. “Tia Sa Dao” or “Tia Ki” is made of blue or black dyed cotton. And wore cotton round neck shirts with short sleeves, 5 buttons, blue or black buttons, which are called Mahom shirts or Chinese long-sleeved collar May have a waist band, shoulder cloth, and headdress
- Some villagers wear Mahor shirts, wear three-piece pants, and have sashes. Jewelry is usually silver and gold.