Asia

Tokugawa Ieyasu’s History

Ieyasu Tokugawa was born at Okazaki Castle in 1543, died in Sunpu Castle in 1616 with his spirit enshrined at Toshogu, Nikko. At Okazaki Castle have memorials and statues commemorating of Ieyasu Tokugawawho was born at Okazaki Castle abound in the castle grounds.

Tokugawa Ieyasu is the third of the trio of great Japanese warlords along with Oda Nobunaga (1534-1582) and Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1536-1598) who are known as the great unifiers of Japanese history. Ieyasu was born as Matsudaira Takechiyo in Okazaki Castle in 1543 and the hardship of his early years helped shape the man and supreme political operator he was to become. Ieyasu’s mother and father were only 17 and 15 respectively when he was born and later separated, remarried and had further children, providing Ieyasu with a large number of half-brothers and sisters.

At age only six, Ieyasu was kidnapped by the Oda clan and held captive in Nagoya. Three years later Ieyasu was surrendered as a hostage to the Imagawa clan and held under good conditions at Sunpu Castle in Shizuoka until he was released when he reached the age of 15. After the defeat of the Imagawa clan by Nobunaga at the decisive Battle of Okehazuma, Ieyasu, at this time named Matsudaira Kurandonosuke Motoyasu, shifted his allegiance to the Oda family.

By 1567, Ieyasu had consolidated his power in Mikawa and changed his name for a final time to Tokugawa Ieyasu, the name he has gone down in history with. In the 1570s Ieyasu was at war again this time with the powerful Takeda Shingen, who had his power base in Kofu.

Rise To Power of Tokugawa Ieyasu: Following the death of Oda Nobunaga at Honnoji Temple in Kyoto and the defeat of his murderer, Akechi Mitsuhide by Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Ieyasu and Hideyoshi eyed each other nervously. The two powerful daimyo fought inconclusive skirmishes at Nagakute and Komaki in present-day Nagoya before agreeing a truce. Following a joint attack on the Hojo clan the two men settled on a plan to carve up the defeated domains. Ieyasu gave up his home base of Mikawa plus Suruga, Shinano, Totomi and Kai and moved east to the provinces around Edo (present-day Tokyo).

This put some distance between the two warlords as Hideyoshi established his base in Osaka Castle, a huge fortress on the site of the previous Ishiyama Hongan-ji Temple, which had been destroyed by Oda Nobunaga.

source by japanvisitors

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