Iceland is the second largest island in Europe close to the Arctic Circle. It is about midway between New York and Moscow. Iceland has a total area of 103,000 square km (39,756 square miles). From north to south the greatest distance is about 300 km (185 miles), from west to east about 500 km (305 miles). The coastline is about 6,000 km (3,700 miles) and the shortest distances to other countries are 286 km (180 miles) to Greenland, 795 km (495 miles) to Scotland and 950 km (590 miles) to Norway. Geologically Iceland is a very young country, and the process of its formation is still going on. Iceland’s interior consists entirely of mountains and high plateaus, devoid of human habitation. Its average height is 500 m above sea level, the highest point being Hvannadalshnúkur in the Öræfajökull glacier in Southeast Iceland, reaching a height of 2.119 m (6,950 feet).
Where to go:
1. Reykjavik City
Reykjavik is the capital of Iceland. It’s a city with just over 100.000 people and is located in Southwest Iceland by Faxaflói, Iceland’s biggest bay. The story of Reykjavik goes as far back as to the first settler Ingólfur Arnarson who came to Iceland in 874 and build himself a farm in Reykjavik. The name means “an inlet with smoke” or “Smoky Bay” and that may be one of the reasons he settled here. He saw steam coming from the ground and found natural hot springs that must have been very useful in those days. Nothing much is going on in Reykjavik until the 16th century when Reykjavik had become a trading place and by the time it was established as an independent town in 1876 it had some 170 inhabitants.
By 1900 the numbers were almost 6.000 and 55.000 around 1950. It is a modern city where all the houses are heated by hot water. The staircases of apartment blocks are heated and even the parking lots and sidewalks in front of many homes and businesses have hot water flowing through to melt the snow during winter. Also very noticeable for foreign visitors are the colorful roofs and houses of the city. It is a cosmopolitan city with very active night life and many museums and art galleries. Reykjavik will be one of Europe’s culture cities in the year 2000.
Places to visit:
1. Jokul glacier lake
This thousand-year-old glacier which everyone is well known as the largest glacier lake in Iceland And the second deepest in the south, at the destination of the thousand-year-old glacier Watthanachokul is between Skeftalfell National Park and the city of Hofn. During the year. 1934 1935 , the largest ice will melt slowly from the iceberg above and flows into the sea. Causing the area to expand continuously until now, covering a total area of 18 square kilometers and has a water depth of up to 200 meters.
2. Perlan as the symbol of the city of Reykjavik
Perlan – Perlan . ” There aren’t any Icelanders who don’t know. Because it is a place that has Unique style Clearly, because on a small hill, most Icelandic people would have been. When tourists come to visit Iceland, ” Perlan ” is one place that must be waiting for guests to welcome guests. Including tourists who come to travel to Iceland, this Perlan has a unique height of 25.7 meters above ground, a large building flattened in a shape like a half-globe. Located on the base that resembles 4 large water tanks that can be seen at a distance. The height of the building is 5 floors, with an area of about 10,000 square meters, which are divided into parts such as restaurants, ice cream shops, museums. Viking history.
3. Lehr Erikson Monument
This high church is considered to have a unique architecture. And is an important religious site of the people of Iceland As well as being one of the tallest scenic spots in Reykjavik When going up to the top, you can see the beautiful scenery of Reykjavík. And in front of the church there is a monument to Leifr Eiriksson standing in the foreground. In Iceland’s history, the country is considered the first Norse to step on North America, including Greenland. This monument was given to the US by Iceland on the occasion of celebrating one thousand years, the “Althing” of Iceland.