Official name : Kingdom of Cambodia
Country abbreviations : KH, KHM
Abbreviations in the internet domain system : .kh
Country motto : Nation, Religion, King
National Day : November 9 (This was the date of independence from France on November 9, 1953, after being under French rule for 90 years)
The Independence Monument in Phnom Penh is a 20-meter-tall Angkor Wat architectural building built in 1958 to celebrate independence from France.
Capital : Phnom Penh is the capital city. And the largest city Is the center of industrial and commercial centers, including the center of politics and government. Culture and government centers of the country
- Kampong Cham province It is a source of agriculture, cultivation, rice, rubber and is an important trading city.
- Siem Reap Province Is a city in the center of tourism and business, because it is home to Angkor Wat and Angkor Thom, which are wonders of the world.
- Battambang Province Is a rice mill and distribution center
- Phra Sihanouk Province Is a trading and tourism port
Language: The official language is Khmer. French is also used. Which is descended from the French colonial period There are currently teaching at some schools and universities supported by the French government. And is still used in government on certain occasions, especially in courts.
National flag : It has a rectangular shape, 2 parts wide and 3 parts long. The flag is divided into 3 lines, with the middle stripe being the red area. 2 parts are wide, with the image of Prasat Hin Nakorn Wat Sam Yot, white in the middle. The lines that are on both sides are 1 line wide. The blue line The meaning of the symbol on the flag reflects the 3 main institutions of the country. As shown in the national motto, “Nation, Religion, King”,
the red background means the Angkor Wat temple, the white color means peace and religion, the blue color refers to the monarchy.
Coat of arms: a royal robe covering the sky Invite Phra Saeng Khan And the uncle mark Under the radiance With a bouquet of patterns coming out from both sides Above the star image of the insignia of Cambodia. And there was an image of a Kan Kad underneath another layer of his robe Next to both sides, flanked by a 5-tiered image, supported by the Kodakhasi on the left. And the lion on the right At the bottom of all images is a satin bar showing the message that Meaning that “King of Cambodia,”
The meaning of the symbols in the seal
- radial articulation of the Great Crown refers to the prosperity of Khmer civilization
- tiered 5-storey two vehicles means the King and Queen
- sword Khan means. Royal power and justice
- Rajasih and Kodchasri means the Cambodian people who uphold the throne.
National flower: Rumdul flower, “Dlumduan or Hom Nuan” is a small flower Yellow Fragrant in the evening Lamduan is a perennial plant of 8-12 meters in height. It can be found almost everywhere in Cambodia. Popular as a decorative plant in the park.
Major rivers / lakes:
Flows from Laos into the central region of Cambodia And flows into the internal circulation of the country Only the part that flows through Cambodia has a length of about 500 kilometers
Lower Mekong River from Phnom Penh down into two separate streams The northeast side is also called “Mekong” and the southwest line is called “Basak River” which will connect with the river, lake in front of the Great Palace, Phnom Penh Has a length of about 80 kilometers
It’s a river that connects the Mekong River and Tonle sap lake, approximately 130 kilometers in length. The water in the Mekong River flows through this river to Tonle Sap.
Lake “Tonle Sap”
The largest natural freshwater sea in Southeast Asia. It is about 100 kilometers away from Phnom Penh, covering 5 provinces including Kampong Thom, Kampong Sanang, Bodhisattva, Battambang and Siem Reap. It is a rich food resource. And is an important irrigation in Cambodia’s agriculture and fishing industry. During the flood season, this lake will have 7,500 square kilometers of flooding, or almost 7 times that of Bangkok, up to 10 meters deep. In Tonle Sap, there are more than 300 species of fish.
Government : Parliamentary Democracy With the King as Head of State under the Constitution Which has been stipulated in Article 14 of the Constitution that the Cambodian monarch must be a member of a royal family of not less than 30 years and must inherit the blood of the Beetle King Norodom or King Si Sawat only Administrative divisions : divided into provinces and provinces as follows: 1 capital city is Phnom Penh.
24 provinces, namely
1) Kratie 2) Gab 3) Koh Kong 4) Kandal 5) Kampong Cham 6) Kampong Chamang 7) Kampong Thom 8) Kampong Sapap 9) Kampot 10) Ta Kaeo 11) Rattanakiri 12) Temple 13) Battambang 14) Bodhisattva 15) Banteay Meanchey 16) Go to Weng 17) Khiri Province 18) Staengrong 19) Sawai Rong 20) Siem Reap 21) Udorn Meechai 22) Pailin 23) Sihanouk and 24) Tibung Khum (separated from Kampong Cham province on 31 December 2013)
Each province has a administrative center called “Krung Thep”
In addition, there are also 3 important cities that have the status of “capital city”, namely Poipet (Banteay Meanchey Province), Bovet (Sawai Rien) and Sawang (Kampong Cham province).
Overall economy : Cambodia has been in a state of war for a long time. Causing the country’s economic downturn Until it was considered one of the least developed countries Until the internal war ended in 1991 and changed the rule from socialism to democracy. Has developed and revitalized the country Resulting in increased demand for products and services The government aims for agricultural development. tourism And encourage more foreign investment National income per capita 2,400 US dollars.
Export products : clothing, textiles, wood, rubber, rice, fish, tobacco and shoes. Imported
goods : petroleum products, cigarettes, gold, building materials, machinery, vehicles and medicines.
Currency : Riel (Riel: KHR).