Type: World cultural heritage
Year of registration: 2014
Official name: Pyu Ancient Cities, Myanmar
The Pyu Ancient Cities were declared the first cultural heritage of Myanmar. Including the areas of the ancient city, Sri Ksetra, Peikthanomyo and Halingyi built in the same era. In the 4th century BC.
Phu people are the original people who first settled in Burma. Their main occupation is farming. The settlement area where the Puy people are located is a plateau. Although the river flows through But the summer is dry But the Puy people are able to adapt to harsh environments By doing water diversion methods from the Irrawaddy and Secondary rivers Came to be a help in farming And also ditches around the city along with reservoirs In order to use water during the dry season When there is more prosperity The Pyu people together build a large kingdom called “Sri Kaset
Kingdom ” . Sri Kaset Kingdom is a great kingdom. Spacious Covering almost all areas of the Irrawaddy Basin By this Sri Kaset kingdom Influenced In terms of language, art, architecture and Buddhism from India With the assumption that the name is Sri Kaset May be derived from the ancient city of India, the city of Puri in the state of Orissa.
Muang Sri Kaset is currently located to the east of the town. In addition, around the same time, evidence of the founding of the Puy community in Beckathano, about 100 kilometers south-east of Bagan and Halin in the north of the city. Thalay Before decay Due to being attacked by a group of Tai people from Nan, and Puan people were forced to go to Jungung Southern China, present area of Khun Ming.
Architectural evidence of the PU. Which is believed to be the foundation of the architecture of the Burmese people Found at Sri Kaset, such as a large stupa It is a bell-shaped pagoda named Bawbaw Gyi and Pya Gi pagoda, which is believed to be the prototype for the architecture of Burma’s later generations, including the Shwedagon Pagoda. Mingala Pagoda Dhamma Yan Sika Pagoda And the pagoda It is a brick structure that combines the characteristics of the Tan Tan Pagoda and the building (temple) that can be used for interior space in rituals. Important pagodas include Bebe Gyi and Limyethna. This building is believed to have developed into a large pagoda in the Bagan period. In addition, found evidence of sculptures made from carved stone. Clay sculpture Which was found to be the same soil type of bricks used in the construction of buildings and pagodas Bronze sculpture With important evidence being found that Bronze sculpture, musicians and dancers.
From the evidence found Therefore can be considered that the Phu people Is a nation that is important in laying the foundation for architecture for the people of Burma in the future By being influenced by Indian civilization to adapt to the culture Way of life appropriately
But today, both Sri Kaset, Piano, Piano, and Haliyi are rarely left with greatness. In this archaeological site There are only the ruins of the archaeological site because there is not enough management. All that remains is an ancient city chedi, moat, city wall that shows its greatness in the past. But now Archaeological site of the old city of Phu. Would probably receive better care From UNESCO and Myanmar itself Because this ancient city Is not the only property of Myanmar But this thousand-year-old town will be a treasure for the whole world That must help each other continue to maintain.