World Heritage Sites in Cambodia
Type: World Cultural Heritage
Year of registration: 2008
Official name: Temple of Preah Vihear
Location: Preah Vihear Province, Cambodia
Compiled: Ubonrat Meechok
Temple of Preah Vihear is an ancient temple, approximately 1,000 years old, which is commonly referred to by Thais. “Preah Vihear” and that Cambodia is called “Pri Vihier” was built in various reigns of the King of the Kingdom of Khmer, beginning construction since the reign of King Jayavarman II, who ruled the kingdom during the year. B.E. 1345-1388 And historians are of the opinion that Preah Vihear temple was completed during the reign of King Suryavarman II (reign 1656-1693), built in honor of Lord Shiva. Of Hinduism.
The castle is outstanding at the castle location. Which is on a rocky ridge Which is called Pha Pae Dadi Looking down over the views of Cambodia The distinctive feature of the architecture is It is a group of castles with crooked terraces connecting each castle, starting from the low slopes at the foothills to the point of the steep cliff. Preah Vihear temple is unique in Khmer architecture and decorated the castle with ancient Khmer art sculptures. The castle has a length of 800 meters in the north-south vertical line with distinctive designs. Castle layout Sculpture that is decorated with stone carving, low relief carving. With the construction of a castle that is in harmony with the natural environment Making the landscape of the Preah Vihear temple on the high cliffs very elegant The importance of Preah Vihear temple It is believed that it was built in order to offer Shiva to the top of Mount Kailash. Which is the highest peak of Mount Sumeru Center of the universe Making this castle is like stepping into the residence of Lord Shiva. If viewed from below the cliffs, it would see itself as though the sky was floating in the sky. With a low Khmer land.
The Preah Vihear Temple was registered as a World Heritage Site in 2008, having met the requirements and criteria for considering the cultural heritage in the amount of 1 item as follows is a representation of a masterpiece created with intelligent human creativity.
Preah Vihear Temple is situated on the Pey Tadi cliffs of Phanom Dong Rak mountain range. Which is the border line between Thailand and Cambodia Visiting Preah Vihear can be done in two ways: Thai side, Kantharalak District Srisaket Province As for Cambodia, a 3 kilometer long concrete road was climbed up the hill to Preah Vihear Temple. Chom Kron District Preah Vihear Province.