Asia

Khum Chao Burirat House, Chiang Mai, Thailand

“Khum” means a mansion or house owned by members of Lanna royal family, thus Khum Chao Burirat literally means Chao Burirat’s mansion. Khum Chao Burirat is one of the few ancient “khum” left in Chiang Mai, featuring a Western-style structure on the first floor with Lanna wood accents on second floor. It was built during year 1889-1892 and there are show about the invasion of Western (British) culture among the royals during those ancient years. Chao Burirat was one of the highest-level royals in Chiang Mai during the period of 1774 – 1932. The mansion is now the office of the Lanna Architecture Centre, Architecture Faculty, Chiang Mai University.

Khum Chao Burirat (Mahain), is located on Phra Pok Klao Rd. on the side that meets Ratchadamnoen Rd., in Tambon Si Phum, Amphoe Mueang, Chiangmai. Khum Chao Burirat holds the historical, architectural, and environmental importance to Mueang Chiang Mai. To explain, Chao Burirat is the third level of the highest positions in Chiangmai political system, inferior to Chao Luang Chiang Mai, and Chao Upparat (viceroy).
Assuming that Khum Chao Burirat was built in B.E. 2432-2436 by the British wood company. It was constructed in a blended architecture between local and colonial style. Khum Chao Burirat shows the western influence on native architecture in early Chiang Mai times. The Khum was a two storey house, built with half concrete, and half wood.

The stairs are outside the house. The first floor was constructed by thick brick walls with a round arch arcade. The second floor also has an arcade, however, was built of teak. The house was the typical architectural style of the early Chiang Mai period influenced by British Colony. Therefore, the Khum was regarded as one of the oldest building that has persisted for more than 110 years. Nevertheless, the building is still in good condition, implying the innovative durable construction of ancient times. At present, the Khum Chao Burirat belongs to Kitibutr and Tipmonton Family. For right conservative purpose, it was later granted to Chiang Mai University for setting Lanna Architecture Center, under the supervision, and management of Architecture Faculty, Chiang Mai University, for collecting data, and doing the research.

The museum is open Monday-Friday at 09:00-17:30.

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