What is Ants?
Ants are eusocial insects of the family Formicidae and, along with the related wasps and bees, belong to the order Hymenoptera. Ants evolved from wasp-like ancestors in the Cretaceous period, about 140 million years ago, and diversified after the rise of flowering plants. More than 12,500 of an estimated total of 22,000 species have been classified. They are easily identified by their elbowed antennae and the distinctive node-like structure that forms their slender waists.
Ants form colonies that range in size from a few dozen predatory individuals living in small natural cavities to highly organised colonies that may occupy large territories and consist of millions of individuals. Larger colonies consist of various castes of sterile, wingless females, most of which are workers (ergates), as well as soldiers (dinergates) and other specialised groups. Nearly all ant colonies also have some fertile males called “drones” (aner) and one or more fertile females called “queens” (gynes). The colonies are described as superorganisms because the ants appear to operate as a unified entity, collectively working together to support the colony.
Ants have colonized almost every landmass on Earth. The only places lacking indigenous ants are Antarctica and a few remote or inhospitable islands. Ants thrive in most ecosystems and may form 15–25% of the terrestrial animal biomass. Their success in so many environments has been attributed to their social organisation and their ability to modify habitats, tap resources, and defend themselves. Their long co-evolution with other species has led to mimetic, commensurable, parasitic, and mutualistic relationships.
Ants have many species of insects in the Formicidae family. The abdomen of the segment 1 or segment 1 and the segment 2 that are attached to the breast The back has a peduncle. This makes ants different from the hornets and termites. They have different shapes, colors, and smells. Walking together as a way to transport food or move their nests into social insects Nest in groups Classify caste into ants, queen ants and worker ants. Ants are sterile female ants that build nests. Nurture the larvae and find some food.When disturbed, they protect themselves by punching organs, releasing acid or biting and causing acid to be released causing irritation or pain.