Beginning in the 4th-15th century, it was the boundary after the Roman Empire collapsed. All actions are dominated by Christianity. Do not act outside of Christian teachings. The Middle Ages are the middle period of the transition process in Western history, namely the Classical, Medieval and Modern.
Christianity (Church) – after Constantine Announcing the Romans as a Christian, the church is a spiritual institution and a mediator between God and humans. Effective Systematic And strong Pope Is the most powerful person Can set all policies Including the politics of the early days. The church collaborated with the empire In politics and government Make the most influence Both economic and social, including various wisdom.
In addition, the pope Still have the power to act “Baptism” Any person suspected of having a conflict of interest Acting in violation of the order Or church policy Is to expel religion Which is considered the highest penalty Causing everyone to fear the punishment
In 955, the first Ottoman Emperor established the Holy Romans Empire HRE but there was a power conflict with the church. Resulting in a fight for power And Germany was beaten Causing the next emperor to have a complete dependence on the church. At 9th – 14th century, systematic development of the nobility, local lords have influence and power can negotiate with the king Resulting in multi-centered politics throughout Europe
During this crusade 1095–1291
The Crusades (Cross) is a war between religions. Which may mean war between Christians from different sects among themselves Or Christians and other religions But in most cases it means a big war between Muslims and Christians From the 11th to the 13th centuries. Birth state (History began to be established in various European countries).
In 1273, the emperor is a position without power. The nobles and rulers of various regions split into small states. The feudal system began to deteriorate. There was a threat between the nobles in the country.
In 14th – 15th century, the nobles began to lose power. Gave the monarchy the opportunity to form a “nation-state” during the Hundred Years’ War. Between England and France.
Hundred Years’ War
The Hundred Years’ War is a conflict between England and France for 116 years from 1337 to 1453, beginning with the claim of the British monarch. Over the french throne. England and France have had a great relationship for a long time. The Norman Tin people took the throne on the British Isles because they still wanted to get the land. Of ancestors is back again England and France therefore continue to war.
In the latter part of the war, England was able to invade the French territory almost to the end of the nation. But there is the arrival of the young woman “Jon Dark” (Joan of Arc). Jon of Arc, a farmer girl who received a vision from God to lead France to independence from England.
Joan is the leader of the French army fighting. Until can help King Charles VII was established as a French king. But before the end of the war, Joan was betrayed by France. Captured and sent to England to burn alive
Late Middle Ages
Faced with many complications and disasters such as famine, pestilence, and war, which greatly reduced the population of Western Europe. During the four years from 1347 to 1350, the plague in Europe killed approximately three-quarters of Europeans. The skepticism, heresies and church disunity followed with a war between State civil war Cultural and technological developments have changed the European society that marks the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the modern era.