Education

600 Essential Words for TOEIC Exam

1.            contract

a binding agreement that is enforceable by law

2.            assurance

a binding commitment to do or give or refrain from something

3.            determine

find out or learn with certainty, as by making an inquiry

4.            engage

consume all of one’s attention or time

5.            establish

set up or found

6.            provision

the activity of supplying something

7.            resolve

find a solution or answer

8.            specific

stated explicitly or in detail

9.            assure

inform positively and with certainty and confidence

10.          cancel

declare null and void

11.          cancelled

no longer planned or scheduled

12.          obligation

the state of being bound to do or pay something

13.          obligatory

required by compulsion or convention

14.          provide

give something useful or necessary to

15.          provision

the activity of supplying something

16.          specify

be particular about

17.          specification

the act of naming explicitly

18.          attract

exert a force on

19.          compare

examine and note the similarities or differences of

20.          competition

the act of contending with others for rewards or resources

21.          consume

take in as food

22.          attract

exert a force on

23.          compare

examine and note the similarities or differences of

24.          competition

the act of contending with others for rewards or resources

25.          consume

take in as food

26.          convince

make realize the truth or validity of something

27.          fad

an interest followed with exaggerated zeal

28.          inspiration

arousal of the mind to unusual activity or creativity

29.          persuasion

communication intended to induce belief or action

30.          productive

capable of bringing forth, especially abundantly

31.          attraction

the quality of arousing interest

32.          attractive

pleasing to the eye or mind as through beauty or charm

33.          comparison

the act of examining resemblances

34.          comparable

able to be described as similar

35.          compete

engage in a contest or measure oneself against others

36.          competitive

involving rivalry over something

37.          consumer

a person who uses goods or services

38.          satisfy

meet the requirements or expectations of

39.          satisfactory

giving contentment

40.          characteristic

typical or distinctive

41.          consequence

a phenomenon that is caused by some previous phenomenon

42.          consider

think about carefully; weigh

43.          imply

express or state indirectly

44.          promise

a verbal commitment agreeing to do something in the future

45.          protect

shield from danger, injury, destruction, or damage

46.          reputation

the general estimation that the public has for a person

47.          require

have need of

48.          variety

a category of things distinguished by a common quality

49.          characterize

be typical of

50.          consideration

the process of giving careful thought to something

51.          considerable

large in number, amount, extent, or degree

52.          implication

something that is inferred

53.          implicit

suggested though not directly expressed

54.          protection

the activity of shielding someone or something

55.          reputable

held in high esteem and honor

56.          repute

the state of being held in high esteem and honor

57.          requirement

necessary activity

58.          requisite

necessary for relief or supply

59.          address

the place where a person or organization can be found

60.          demonstrate

give an exhibition of to an interested audience

61.          develop

progress or evolve through a process of natural growth

62.          evaluate

estimate the nature, quality, ability or significance of

63.          gather

assemble or get together

64.          primarily

for the most part

65.          risk

a source of danger

66.          strategy

an elaborate and systematic plan of action

67.          substitution

putting one thing or person in the place of another

68.          demonstration

a show or display

69.          demonstrative

a pronoun that points out an intended referent

70.          development

a process in which something passes to a different stage

71.          evaluation

the act of ascertaining or judging the quality of

72.          strategy

an elaborate and systematic plan of action

73.          strategic

relating to an elaborate and systematic plan of action

74.          substitute

a person or thing that can take the place of another

75.          conference

a prearranged meeting for consultation or discussion

76.          accommodate

have room for; hold without crowding

77.          attend

be present

78.          location

the act of putting something in a certain place

79.          register

an official written record of names or events

80.          select

pick out or choose from a number of alternatives

81.          session

a meeting for execution of a group’s functions

82.          accommodation

making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances

83.          accommodating

obliging; willing to do favors

84.          arrange

put into a proper or systematic order

85.          associate

bring or come into action

86.          associate

bring or come into action

87.          attendance

the act of being present at a meeting or event

88.          selection

the act of choosing

89.          selective

characterized by very careful or fastidious choice

90.          register

an official written record of names or events

91.          registration

the act of enrolling

92.          access

the right to enter

93.          allocate

distribute according to a plan or set apart for a purpose

94.          compatible

able to exist and perform in harmonious combination

95.          delete

cut or eliminate

96.          display

something intended to communicate a particular impression

97.          duplicate

a copy that corresponds to an original exactly

98.          failure

an act that does not succeed

99.          ignore

refuse to acknowledge

100.        search

look or seek

101.        accessible

capable of being reached

102.        allocation

the act of distributing or apportioning according to a plan

103.        capacity

capability to perform or produce

104.        durable

existing for a long time

105.        initiative

readiness to embark on bold new ventures

106.        recur

happen or occur again

107.        reduction

the act of decreasing something

108.        stock

a supply of something available for future use

109.        afford

have the financial means to do something or buy something

110.        initiative

readiness to embark on bold new ventures

111.        initiation

the act of starting something for the first time

112.        physical

involving the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit

113.        provision

the activity of supplying something

114.        recurrence

event of happening again, especially at regular intervals

115.        reduction

the act of decreasing something

116.        appreciation

understanding of the nature or meaning of something

117.        code

a set of rules or principles or laws

118.        expose

show; make visible or apparent

119.        glimpse

a brief or incomplete view

120.        practice

a customary way of operation or behavior

121.        reinforce

strengthen and support with rewards

122.        appreciate

be fully aware of; realize fully

123.        exposure

the state of being vulnerable to something

124.        practical

guided by experience and observation rather than theory

125.        reinforcement

an act performed to strengthen approved behavior

126.        verbalize

express in speech

127.        verbal

of or relating to or formed from words in general

128.        facilitate

make easier

129.        network

an open fabric woven together at regular intervals

130.        process

a particular course of action intended to achieve a result

131.        replace

put something back where it belongs

132.        revolution

a single complete turn

133.        skill

an ability that has been acquired by training

134.        software

written programs operating on a computer system

135.        store

a mercantile establishment for the sale of goods or services

136.        revolution

a single complete turn

137.        revolutionary

markedly new or introducing radical change

138.        technical

of or relating to aptitude in a practical skill

139.        assemble

create by putting components or members together

140.        courier

a person who carries a message

141.        mention

make reference to

142.        petition

a formal request that something be submitted to an authority

143.        register

an official written record of names or events

144.        revise

make changes to

145.        complicate

make less simple

146.        complicated

difficult to analyze or understand

147.        registration

the act of enrolling

148.        revised

improved or brought up to date

149.        revision

the act of altering

150.        abundant

present in great quantity

151.        accomplishment

the action of achieving something

152.        candidate

someone who is considered for something

153.        commensurate

corresponding in size or degree or extent

154.        profile

an outline of something, especially a face from the side

155.        qualification

the act of modifying or changing the strength of some idea

156.        recruit

cause to assemble or enlist in the military

157.        submit

yield to the control of another

158.        accomplish

achieve with effort

159.        profile

an outline of something, especially a face from the side

160.        qualify

prove capable or fit; meet requirements

161.        qualified

meeting the proper standards and requirements for a task

162.        ability

the quality of having the means or skills to do something

163.        apply

employ for a particular purpose

164.        background

the part of a scene behind objects in the front

165.        confidence

belief in yourself and your abilities

166.        expert

a person with special knowledge who performs skillfully

167.        hesitant

unable to act or decide quickly or firmly

168.        application

the action of putting something into operation

169.        confidence

belief in yourself and your abilities

170.        expertise

skillfulness by virtue of possessing special knowledge

171.        expert

a person with special knowledge who performs skillfully

172.        hesitation

the act of pausing uncertainly

173.        presentation

the activity of formally giving something, as a prize

174.        presentation

the activity of formally giving something, as a prize

175.        conduct

the way a person behaves toward other people

176.        generate

bring into existence

177.        mentor

a wise and trusted guide and advisor

178.        reject

refuse to accept or acknowledge

179.        success

an event that accomplishes its intended purpose

180.        conductor

the person who leads a musical group

181.        rejection

the act of turning something down

182.        succeed

attain success or reach a desired goal

183.        basis

the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun

184.        aware

having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization

185.        benefit

something that aids or promotes well-being

186.        compensate

make amends for

187.        eligible

qualified for or allowed or worthy of being chosen

188.        negotiate

discuss the terms of an arrangement

189.        raise

move upwards

190.        retire

withdraw from active participation

191.        base

lowest support of a structure

192.        beneficial

promoting or enhancing well-being

193.        compensation

the act of making amends for service, loss, or injury

194.        flexible

able to bend easily

195.        flexibility

the property of being easily bent or shaped

196.        negotiation

a discussion intended to produce an agreement

197.        achievement

the action of accomplishing something

198.        contribute

provide

199.        dedication

complete and wholehearted fidelity

200.        loyal

steadfast in allegiance or duty

201.        merit

the quality of being deserving

202.        obviously

unmistakably

203.        productive

capable of bringing forth, especially abundantly

204.        promote

assign to a higher position

205.        recognition

identifying something or someone by remembering

206.        value

the quality that renders something desirable

207.        achieve

gain with effort

208.        contribution

a voluntary gift made to some worthwhile cause

209.        contributor

a writer published in a periodical or as part of a book

210.        dedicate

give entirely to a specific person, activity, or cause

211.        loyalty

the quality of being steadfast in allegiance or duty

212.        product

an artifact that has been created by someone or some process

213.        promotion

the act of raising in rank or position

214.        promoter

someone who is an active supporter and advocate

215.        bargain

an agreement between parties fixing obligations of each

216.        behavior

the way a person acts toward other people

217.        comfort

a state of being relaxed and feeling no pain

218.        expand

extend in one or more directions

219.        explore

travel to or penetrate into

220.        item

a distinct part that can be specified separately in a group

221.        mandatory

required by rule

222.        merchandise

commodities offered for sale

223.        trend

a general tendency to change, as of opinion

224.        comfortable

providing or experiencing physical well-being or relief

225.        expansion

the act of increasing in size or volume or quantity or scope

226.        expanded

increased in extent or size or bulk or scope

227.        exploration

travel for the purpose of discovery

228.        mandate

a document giving an official instruction or command

229.        strict

rigidly accurate; allowing no deviation from a standard

230.        diversify

vary in order to spread risk or to expand

231.        enterprise

a purposeful or industrious undertaking

232.        essentially

at bottom or by something’s very nature

233.        everyday

commonplace and ordinary

234.        function

what something is used for

235.        maintain

keep in a certain state, position, or activity

236.        obtain

come into possession of

237.        prerequisite

something that is needed or obligatory in advance

238.        quality

an essential and distinguishing attribute of something

239.        smooth

having a surface free from roughness or irregularities

240.        source

the place where something begins

241.        stationery

paper cut to an appropriate size for writing letters

242.        diverse

distinctly dissimilar or unlike

243.        enterprising

marked by initiative and readiness to undertake new projects

244.        essential

basic and fundamental

245.        essence

the choicest or most vital part of some idea or experience

246.        functional

designed for or capable of a particular use

247.        carrier

a person or firm transporting people or goods or messages

248.        fulfill

meet a want or need

249.        inventory

a detailed list of all the items in stock

250.        minimize

make small or insignificant

251.        supply

circulate or distribute or equip with

252.        accuracy

the quality of being near to the true value

253.        accurate

characterized by perfect conformity to fact or truth

254.        integrate

make into a whole or make part of a whole

255.        integration

the act of combining into a whole

256.        minimal

the least possible

257.        minimum

the smallest possible quantity

258.        suffice

be adequate, either in quality or quantity

259.        sufficient

of a quantity that can fulfill a need or requirement

260.        compile

get or gather together

261.        discount

an amount or percentage deducted

262.        efficient

being effective without wasting time, effort, or expense

263.        estimate

judge tentatively

264.        impose

charge and collect payment

265.        mistake

a wrong action attributable to bad judgment or inattention

266.        promptly

with little or no delay

267.        rectify

make right or correct

268.        efficient

being effective without wasting time, effort, or expense

269.        estimation

an approximate calculation of quantity or degree or worth

270.        imposition

the act of enforcing something

271.        imposing

befitting an important, distinguished, or powerful person

272.        prompt

according to schedule or without delay

273.        adjustment

the act of making something different

274.        crucial

of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis

275.        discrepancy

a difference between conflicting facts or claims or opinions

276.        disturb

move deeply

277.        liability

the state of being legally obliged and responsible

278.        reflection

the phenomenon of a propagating wave being thrown back

279.        tedious

so lacking in interest as to cause mental weariness

280.        verify

confirm the truth of

281.        adjust

alter or regulate so as to conform to a standard

282.        automatic

operating with minimal human intervention

283.        automation

the act of implementing the control of equipment

284.        reflect

throw or bend back from a surface

285.        accept

receive willingly something given or offered

286.        balance

harmonious arrangement or relation of parts within a whole

287.        borrow

get temporarily

288.        dividend

a number to be divided by another number

289.        mortgage

a conveyance of property as security for repaying a loan

290.        restricted

subject to an act of limitation

291.        signature

your name written in your own handwriting

292.        transaction

conducting business within or between groups

293.        acceptance

the state of being satisfactory

294.        acceptable

worthy of approval or satisfactory

295.        caution

judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger

296.        cautious

showing careful forethought

297.        deduction

the act of removing a part from the whole

298.        restrict

limit access to

299.        restriction

an act of limiting

300.        transact

conduct business

301.        accumulate

get or gather together

302.        asset

a useful or valuable quality

303.        audit

examine carefully for accuracy

304.        budget

a summary of intended expenditures

305.        debt

the state of owing something, especially money

306.        outstanding

of major significance or importance

307.        reconcile

come to terms

308.        accumulation

the act of gathering up

309.        profit

the advantageous quality of being beneficial

310.        attitude

a complex mental state involving beliefs and feelings

311.        commit

engage in or perform

312.        conservative

resistant to change

313.        fund

a reserve of money set aside for some purpose

314.        invest

lay out money or resources in an enterprise

315.        portfolio

a large, thin case for loose papers or drawings or maps

316.        resource

aid or support that may be drawn upon when needed

317.        aggression

a disposition to behave forcefully and energetically

318.        commitment

the act of binding yourself to a course of action

319.        noncommittal

refusing to bind oneself to a particular course of action

320.        conserve

keep in safety and protect from harm, loss, or destruction

321.        investment

laying out money or capital in an enterprise

322.        investor

someone who commits capital to gain financial returns

323.        wisdom

accumulated knowledge or erudition or enlightenment

324.        wise

having intelligence and discernment

325.        joint

junction by which parts or objects are linked together

326.        preparation

setting in order in advance some act or purpose

327.        desire

the feeling that accompanies an unsatisfied state

328.        forecast

a prediction about how something will develop

329.        level

a relative position or degree of value in a graded group

330.        overall

involving only main features

331.        perspective

a way of regarding situations or topics

332.        project

a planned undertaking

333.        realistic

aware or expressing awareness of things as they are

334.        target

a reference point to shoot at

335.        translation

rendering in another language with the same meaning

336.        yield

give or supply

337.        adjacent

having a common boundary or edge

338.        collaboration

act of working jointly

339.        concentrate

make denser, stronger, or purer

340.        conducive

tending to bring about; being partly responsible for

341.        hamper

prevent the progress or free movement of

342.        lobby

a large entrance or reception room or area

343.        scrutiny

the act of examining something closely, as for mistakes

344.        collaborate

work together on a common enterprise or project

345.        collaborative

accomplished by working jointly

346.        concentration

the spatial property of being crowded together

347.        concentrated

gathered together or made less diffuse

348.        disrupt

make a break in

349.        option

one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen

350.        optional

possible but not necessary; left to personal choice

351.        scrutinize

examine carefully for accuracy

352.        inscrutable

difficult or impossible to understand

353.        agenda

a list of matters to be taken up, as at a meeting

354.        conclude

bring to a close

355.        goal

the state of affairs that a plan is intended to achieve

356.        priority

status established in order of importance or urgency

357.        progress

the act of moving forward, as toward a goal

358.        adhere

stick to firmly

359.        length

the linear extent in space from one end to the other

360.        period

an amount of time

361.        periodic

happening or recurring at regular intervals

362.        prior

earlier in time

363.        prioritize

assign a status in order of importance or urgency

364.        progression

the act of moving forward, as toward a goal

365.        progressive

favoring or promoting modern or innovative ideas

366.        adherence

the property or act of sticking together

367.        adherent

someone who believes and helps to spread a doctrine

368.        conclusion

a position or opinion reached after consideration

369.        conclusive

forming an end or termination

370.        conform

be similar, be in line with

371.        defect

a failing or deficiency

372.        enhance

increase

373.        garment

an article of clothing

374.        inspect

look over carefully

375.        inspection

a formal or official examination

376.        inspector

an investigator who observes carefully

377.        perceptive

of or relating to awareness via the senses

378.        repel

force or drive back

379.        repellent

serving or tending to cause aversion

380.        uniform

clothing of distinctive design worn by members of a group

381.        uniformity

the quality of lacking diversity or variation

382.        perceive

become aware of through the senses

383.        perception

the process of becoming aware through the senses

384.        perceived

detected by instinct or inference

385.        response

the speech act of continuing a conversational exchange

386.        anxious

causing or fraught with or showing nervousness

387.        anxiety

a vague unpleasant emotion in anticipation of a misfortune

388.        assume

take to be the case or to be true

389.        assumption

the act of taking something for granted

390.        experiment

the act of conducting a controlled test or investigation

391.        logic

the branch of philosophy that analyzes inference

392.        logical

based on known statements or events or conditions

393.        respond

show a reaction to something

394.        response

the speech act of continuing a conversational exchange

395.        respondent

replying

396.        responsible

worthy of or requiring trust; held accountable

397.        responsibility

the social force that binds you to a course of action

398.        supervise

watch and direct

399.        ascertain

learn or discover with confidence

400.        decade

a period of 10 years

401.        decadent

marked by excessive self-indulgence and moral decay

402.        decadence

the state of being degenerate in mental or moral qualities

403.        examine

observe, check out, and look over carefully or inspect

404.        research

a seeking for knowledge

405.        researcher

a scientist devoted to systematic investigation

406.        solve

find the answer to or understand the meaning of

407.        solvent

capable of meeting financial obligations

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