The history of Loi Krathong Festival
There are many myths about Loi Krathong Day as follows:
- Loi Krathong to ask for forgiveness from Phra Mae Kongka
- Loi Krathong to worship God according to Brahman motto Worshiping Vishnu, sleeping in the ocean
- Loi Krathong to welcome the Lord Buddha On the day of his return from the celestial world When he went to stay in the heavenly heaven In order to preach the metaphysics for the Buddha’s mother
- Loi Krathong to worship the Buddha’s footprint Of the Lord Buddha At the sandy beach on the Nammathi River When he went to perform his favorite dharma in the world
- Loi Krathong to worship King Chulalongkorn Which is the home of the Lord Buddha’s hair
- Loi Krathong to worship Phra Phok Phrom Phrom In the world of the Brahma
- Loi Krathong to worship Phra Upakutta Thera Who practiced incantations in the deep sea or navel
History of Loi Krathong in Thailand
Loi Krathong in Thailand It has existed since Sukhothai times, known as the floating lanterns or floating lanterns, being a festive public event for the general public. Later, Nang Noppamas or Thao Sri Chulalak, concubine of Phra Ruang Invented a lotus-shaped Krathong instead of floating lanterns Loi Krathong or lantern floating during the Noppamas period Done to pay homage to the Buddha’s footprint on the Nammathi River Which is a river in the Thaksin river of India Now called Neraphuttha River
Loi Krathong to worship the Buddha’s footprint
Footprint of the Lord Buddha Which appeared on the banks of the Nammathi River There is a history related to the Buddha’s history. One time, the Naga told the Lord Buddha’s invitation To go and show his favorite dharma in the world When he will return The serpent asked for a monument to worship. The Buddha then enshrined the footprints on the beach. Along the banks of the Namtan River For all the Naks to worship Loi Krathong which has history in connection with Buddha’s history, there are 2 more stories, namely Loi Krathong to worship King Chulalongkorn. And Loi Krathong to welcome the Lord Buddha on the day of his return from the celestial world
The legend of Loi Krathong for worshiping Chulamanee
When Prince Siddhartha Departed from Phranakhon Phut Dut at night by a horse With Mr Chanot Mahadlek, who followed When the dawn reached the bank of the Anoma River The prince drove the ravenous horse to jump over the river by hello.
When he learned that he had passed the border of Kabinlung Pass Prince Siddhartha then sat down over the white sandy beach. Told Mr Chantha to bring ornaments and horses His Highness preached the ordination by uttering the words “Amulet Khopa Phochacha” and then holding Meli with his left hand. His right hand was cut by Khan. Then thrown into the air Indra has brought a golden casket to support Phra Maha. And brought to the Chulalongkorn monk in the place of worship
King Chulalongkorn usually has goddesses flying together to worship the Buddha and the Bodhisattva in the future. Will come to be reborn on earth and become enlightened as a Buddha Loi Krathong for worshiping Chulamanee Therefore considered as a worship of Phra Sri Ariyai Triy
The legend of Loi Krathong to welcome the Lord Buddha to return from the celestial world
When Prince Siddhartha ordained until he attained Dharma as Lord Buddha. After exposing the dharma teachings to ordinary people for a period of time Therefore went to stay in the heavenly star In order to preach the dharma for the Buddha’s mother Once lent 3 months of the Buddhist Lent, he returned to the human world. When Thak Sak Devarachon knew Buddhasong Therefore creating the nectar ladder, which has gold stairs, silver stairs and glass stairs leading down to the city gate The glass staircase is where the Highness of the Lord Priest comes down. The golden staircase was the place for all deities to send to His Highness. Silver ladders for Brahma sent His Highness.
In this coming down to the human world The gods and people United together Sacred worship with heavenly blossoms Loi Krathong according to this motto Therefore being the Lord Buddha’s welcome (This is the same legend as Devo’s offering to the Lord Buddha from the star of the dawn)
Loi Krathong to worship Phra Narai Bannom Sin
There is another ceremony of Loi Krathong according to Brahman motto. Which was done to worship God, namely Vishnu, sleeping in the ocean Popular to do on the 15th day of the 15th lunar month or the 15th day of the 15th lunar month is 2 periods. Can be done in any schedule
The legend of Loi Krathong to worship Phra Phok Phrom Phrom
The cause of the story is another interesting story. Is a folk tale Mentioned in ancient times There were two albino ravens nesting on trees in Himmapan forest near the bank of the river. One day, the male went out to earn a living and could not get back to the nest Let the female crow, which incubates 5 eggs, wait with impatience Until a large storm swept the nest Egg drop down Mother Crow was blown one way.
When Mae Ka returned to the nest, there was no egg found. Therefore cried to the end of his death Was born in the Brahma Brahma in the Brahma world. All 5 eggs were floating in different places. All the hens, naga, turtles, mother cows and mother rasahs were found, so they were preserved for 1 time. Hatched into a human being, no bubble was born as a ball of birth. All 5 pediatricians see the danger of being a layman and the virtue of ordination. Therefore leave mum to raise as a hermit. All 5 have an opportunity to meet and ask about the names of the families and mothers of each other. Therefore know that the 5 Hermit brothers are named as follows
- The first name is Gussontho (chicken family)
- The second name is Kon Nak Man (Wong Nak)
- The third name is Guspo (Wong Tao)
- The fourth name is Kokomo (Wong Ko)
- The fifth name is Mettoeyo (Wong Lion)
Set the mind to pray That if he were to be reborn as a Buddha Hot to mother With prayer Therefore Brahma came from the world The shifter is a taro. Then told the story but endured it after listening Ready to say that if you miss your mother At the full moon of the 11 months and 12 months, tie the yarn of the crow’s feet Incense, candles, candles worshiped on the Loy Krathong River Doing this is called missing mother. And Thao Phakaphrom left to go back
Since then Therefore there is a Loy Krathong festival to worship Thao Phaka Phrom And to worship the footsteps of Which is enshrined on the banks of the Namtan River. The 5 hermits later attained enlightenment as follows:
- The first hermit, Gussontho, namely the Lord Buddha, named as Gussontho.
- The second hermit, Konak Mano, namely the Lord Buddha, named Konakom
- The third hermitus Guspo , namely the Lord Buddha, named Gassapa
- The fourth hermit, Kotomo, is the Lord Buddha. His name is Phra Somkod Khom.
- The fifth hermit, Metayo, is the Lord Buddha. Maitreya Buddha statue
The first 3 Buddhas came to earth in the past. The 4th Lord Buddha is the current Lord Buddha. The fifth Buddha is the Buddha that will be born on earth in the future, including the Phra Si Ariyamitri.
The legend of Loi Krathong for worshiping Phra Upakhut
Loi Krathong for this Buddha amulet It is a tradition of the northern people and the Burmese. Phra Upakhut was Arhat Thera after the Buddhist era. With the legend as follows
When Ashoka the Great Has faith in Buddhism Please allow the construction of pagodas, pagodas and Buddhist temples throughout the Indian subcontinent. The most famous cathedral is “Asokaram”, which is located in the Bihar region. After the completion of 84,000 pagodas Ashoka intended to bring the relics of the Lord Buddha. Packed in various stupas And contained in the newly built large Maha Stupa, about half the height And decorated with various glassware Enshrined on the banks of the Ganga for Patilabutra Also want to have a great celebration for 7 years 7 months 7 days, but fear that the devil will destroy the celebration With only Phra Upakut who hibernated in the navel of the sea That can defeat the devil When Phra Upakut subdued the Devil until realizing himself, he then confiscated the Triple Gem as a refuge. Phra Upakut then went down to hibernate in the navel of the sea as before.
Phra Upakut, Thailand, is called Phra Buakkhem . Northern and northeastern Thai and Burmese people respect Phra Upakut very much. Burmese, regardless of work, are always invited to come to the ceremony. Thailand, we use it to worship or auspicious ceremonies, etc.
Northern Loi Krathong Festival (Yi Peng)
Loi Krathong of the northern people Popular to do in Yi Peng month (That is the Yi month or the second month Because counting 2 days faster than ours) to worship Phra Upakut, which is believed to have practiced spells in the deep sea Or the navel of the sea Corresponding to the motto of the people of Burma
Loy Krathong Festival of the northeast (flowing fire boat)
Loi Krathong in Isan It is known as the Lai Sai Lai Festival which is a great tradition in Nakhon Phanom province. By using banana stems or various materials To decorate it as a Naga image and other images At night, set fire to let flow along the Mekong River, beautiful and beautiful. In addition, there are Loi Krathong traditions in various countries, such as Cambodia, China, India, with some differences in beliefs and history.
Current Loi Krathong
Current Loi Krathong Maintaining the original style as appropriate At the full moon day of the 12th month, the villagers will prepare the krathongs from materials that are naturally easy to find, such as bells, bananas and lotus flowers. Made in a beautiful krathong Incense, candles and flowers Before floating on the river, he prayed for what he had intended. Ready to ask for forgiveness from Phra Mae Ganga
According to the value of many temples or venues There is a krathong contest Miss Noppamas pageant And there was a theater at night There is also a fireworks pyrotechnic fireworks, which in the game must be especially careful. Materials used for the Krathong Should be something that can be naturally digested Burning Candle Festival Sukhothai Province
The Loi Krathong Festival, held in Sukhothai, is a national event called the Candle Burning Festival. Many tourists, both Thai and foreign, come to have fun every year. Reserve ceremony for Loi Krathong Festival of Sukhothai in ancient times
In the Thao Sri Chulalak recipe Spoke of the ritual of consecration as follows: when the rite of the rite in the twelfth lunar month is a public holiday, all male and female dwellers decorate the lanterns, hanging lanterns, hanging lanterns of all families throughout the capital city Then invited each other to play the three nights at the end of the night But all the royal people Made the lamps alongside the exquisite servants with drawing patterns in various forms Contested to come and hang in a smooth, flat plane along the Chachoengsao lantern in front of the Cholpiman Palace Dedicated to the King to dedicate the Great Mahathat Chulamanee in Dow Dung class
The royal concubine made a lantern floating in various patterns. Contested and offered to pay homage to the Buddha’s footprint, which is enshrined at Young Namthi and Loi Khai (Nang Nopphamat), doing unfounded ideas to decorate the strange beauty than all the royal concubines
When twilight Somdej Phra Ruang, the Royal Pavilion of Cholphiman as well as the Great God Royal family and concubines to honor the Chao Cha Cha mother. The brahmin offered auspicious sound of the conch The staff members then pulled the lantern cord to finish the lantern together alongside the followers. To give the royal dedication of King Chulamanee For Thao Nang Cha, the mother floated the lantern of the royal goddess. Wongsanuwong, lamp, concubine gift Respectively. Offered to see and dedicate
When he reached the lamp of Kradut’s flower His Majesty saw While on the way complimented that this lantern was strange Still have not A lamp for anyone thinking of doing Thao Sri Rachakisopha respectfully said that the lantern of Nopphamat Phra Sri Mahosot’s daughter ….. When King Ruang heard Spoke that this sagacious and intelligent as was born in the family of the wise … Therefore has a royal administration insisting that But from now on By order of kings in Siam country To determine the public holiday on the twelfth day of the 12th month Worshiping Buddha’s footprint as long as the eternal Regarding the floating lanterns, Krumut flowers (lotus flowers) appeared until today.
Loy Krathong tradition Seems to be a folklore for agriculture Which must have water as an important factor When cereal crops grow and fertile Therefore there is a floating Krathong along the stream To thank the Goddess of the Ganga or the god of water It is also an expression of reverence for having taken a bath. Or releasing sewage into the water Whether intentionally or not Including worshiping the gods and the footprint of the Lord Buddha Chedi Chula manatee etc. According to the belief
After performing the Loi Krathong ceremony Arrange for fun and entertaining games such as local games Playing music, boat, dance, etc., which is a tradition that has been carried on since ancient times.
The purpose of Loi Krathong is in many ways, such as asking for forgiveness from Phra Mae Ganga, worshiping around the Buddha’s footprint. Floating, misfortune, disease, and misery to flow with the stream, etc. This activity will be held in the 12th month by the lunar day. Or about November
Activities that should be done on Loi Krathong
- Bring the krathongs to float along the river Or according to the water source where the ceremony is organized
- To support various activities On Loi Krathong Day such as Krathong contest Miss Noppamas pageant Traditional games such as dancing, boat music to carry on Thai culture
- Arranging an exhibition or a ceremony for Loi Krathong To disseminate and preserve Thai traditions
- Organize a campaign to use natural materials to make Krathongs To prevent pollution to the river
Summary of reasons for Loi Krathong
- To ask forgiveness from Phra Mae Ganga To worship the footsteps and worship the deities According to the belief
- To preserve Thai traditions To not be lost in time
- To know the value of water or rivers Which is essential for living