History of Ireland is the first human settlement in Ireland began around 8000 BC. When the horde of hunting-collecting societies began to travel from mainland Europe, probably by way of a land bridge that had previously been connected between the two continents. The archaeological evidence of this population is scarce. But the descendants of this group, and later the group of people who migrate from the Iberian peninsula leave traces of important archaeological sites. Of the New Stone Age Such as the Newgrange Memorial. The arrival of St. Patrick and the Apostolic in the early to the middle of the 5th century.
Christianity replaced the Celtic pluralism which ended by Completely in the year 600 B.E. 800 and more than a hundred years later Viking came to invade Ireland. And causing chaos and damage to the culture of the clergy and local clan groups On the island of Ireland Nonetheless, both institutions proved themselves strong enough to survive and were able to integrate with the offender culture. The advent of the Knights mercenary Cambro-Norman under Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, also known as “Strongbow ” The year 1169 marked the beginning of the fall of Norman and later Britain. Continuing for more than 700 years, the British throne did not show full control of Ireland until after the Reformation. When the saturation of the satellite family in Ireland began to become a problem Which became the cause of the British military campaign in Ireland between 1534 and 1915.
It was during the same period in 1648 that England carried out settlement policies in Ireland. That led to the settling of English and Scottish settlers who held Protestantism in the thousands When Ireland’s Gaul was defeated both in the military and in the politics in the early 17th century, it became clear that the problem of differences in sectarianism was an important cause. Irish Since that time, the sectarian conflict  has become a problem periodically. Throughout history in IrelandThe overthrow of the Roman Catholic majority in the Irish Parliament in 1613 was a result of the reorganization. By establishing new territories, each of which will have a Protestant majority By the end of the 17th century, the Roman Catholic population was 85% of the Irish population. At that time it was forbidden to play a role in the Irish parliament.
All political power fell into the hands of British settlers. And especially the official Protestant institution of Ireland (New Church of Ireland), a minority While the majority of Roman Catholics suffered political and economic hardship in 1801, the Irish Parliament was abolished. And Ireland became part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland under the Union Act And those who hold Roman Catholicism are forbidden from being eligible to be re-elected in the new council until the release of Catholic emancipation in the year 1829 since the 1880s. Trying to fight for the right to self-government. By implementing the constitutional process of Parliament Which finally received the Act for Autonomy 1914, although it was temporarily suspended when the First World War began. In the year 1922 after the Irish Independence War And the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty. The larger part of the island of Ireland was separated from the United Kingdom Became the Free State of Ireland – and after 1948 became the Republic , Ireland.
The six counties in the north, the so-called Northern Ireland, are still part of the United Kingdom. After that, with the Irish Civil War. Northern Ireland’s history was later to be a conflict arising from the differences of the same religion but different sects – Irish nationalism. (Mostly Roman Catholics) with the Union of Ireland (Mostly Protestants). The conflict erupted. ” The Troubles Ireland” ( The Troubles) in the late 1960s and came to an end when the Belfast agreement was signed thirty years later