Asia

Pyu Ancient Cities, Myanmar

The origin and significance
The Pyu Ancient Cities were declared the first cultural heritage of Myanmar and were declared Burma’s first cultural world heritage site in 2014, including the area of ​​Sri Ksetra Ancient Town (Peikthanomyo) and Halingyi built in the same era. In the 4th century BC. Phu old town of Phu peoples Set up for a long time in the Irrawaddy River Valley, aged about 1,000 years, with the remains of the remains of the palace, the pagoda, brick walls, Buddha images and ancient tombs.

Phu people are people who first settled in Burmese. Or some historical texts say that the Pyu people are 100% Burmese. The main occupation of the Pyu people is Farming due to the land in the area where the settlement is located Has a plateau Although the river flows through But in the summer it is quite arid But the Pyu people were able to adapt to that cruel environment By doing water diversion methods from the Irrawaddy River and the secondary river Came to be a help in farming And also ditches around the city along with reservoirs In order to use water during the dry season Can say that it is truly folk wisdom.

Later, the Puy people join together to create a large kingdom called Sri Agricultural Kingdom Which covers almost the entire area of ​​the Irrawaddy Basin By various buildings Including the language, art, Buddhism and architecture Are all influenced by India By the main center of this kingdom Located at Sri Kaset City, the same name as the kingdom As well as traces of nearby civilization Like Papananomyo And the three Halinda cities have been combined together to register as Myanmar’s first world cultural heritage in the ancient city of the Pyu Acient Cities.

Nowadays, both Sri Kaset, Pia Tanamyo and Halilingi Almost never had the greatness of the past Leaving only the ruins of an archaeological site which is not well managed However, what remains It is something that shows greatness in the past. And after this, will probably receive better care from UNESCO and Myanmar. As a world heritage site, thousands of years old that will be the property of the whole world and continue to help maintain. More than 60,000 tourists visit each year and once it is registered as a World Heritage, it will definitely attract more tourists to see the beauty of Myanmar’s first world heritage site.

Who is “Pyu”?

Phy people are people who first settled in Burma but some scholars say “Puy people are 100% Burmese!” The Puy’s main occupation is agriculture with the land in the area where the Phu Yu people settled There is a plateau (similar to the northeast region of our country), although the river flows through. But the summer is dry, but the Puy people are able to adapt to the harsh environment By doing water diversion methods From the Irrawaddy River And the secondary river Came to be a help in farming And also ditches around the city along with reservoirs In order to use water during the dry season.

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