Since the elderly often have health problems including obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, as well as the deterioration of various organs Makes bedridden and complications easily. The diseases or conditions of the elderly that should be specially considered are
Dehydration in the elderly is found to have deterioration of the kidneys which is an organ that controls the balance of water and minerals Causing the body to waste more water through urine Combined with hot weather and long journeys. Causing not to drink enough water Or those who have problems with urinary incontinence will drink less water because of fear of not going to the toilet in time. The symptoms of dehydration range from severe fainting to unconsciousness. Therefore, the elderly should drink at least 6-8 glasses of water a day. Avoid coffee and tea because it causes frequent urination.
Gastrointestinal infectious diseases Hot weather during Songkran can spoil food easily. Elderly people should be taken care of by eating newly cooked food using a spoon and should wash hands thoroughly every time. To prevent diarrhea Nausea and vomiting And fever from digestive tract infections If there are any such symptoms To drink mineral water Should not take medication, stop taking by themselves As it may cause more serious infections. If you have severe diarrhea, you should see a doctor.
Urinary tract infections Commonly found in the elderly, especially women. Because after the menopause Estrogen levels will decrease, causing the urinary tract lining to become dry and easily inflamed. The symptoms that can be observed are burning, burning urine. Urinating more often than usual And may have urinary incontinence Should care for the elderly to drink enough water and not hold back urine To reduce the incidence of urinary tract infections If onset Should see a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Slipping in the elderly
More than 1 in 3 elderly people have a fall problem. And is more common in women than men Most of them are slightly bruised injuries. But in some cases there may be serious injuries such as fractures, dislocated bones Head injury Which may cause disability or death Major risk factors include physical deterioration. Certain diseases And the environment Especially during the Songkran festival where there is water play, making the floor slippery and unsafe. The fall of the elderly can be prevented by exercising to increase muscle endurance. Increase the flexibility of bones and joints. And help with balance, such as aerobics, Chinese boxing, brisk walking, should choose the right shoes as well.
The Department of Health has recommended 4 to promote healthy aging concept ” does not fall, do not forget, depression, eating delicious” or ” 4 the Smart,” also.
1. Smart Walk , regular exercise for a healthy body, not fall by allowing the elderly to exercise at least 5 days a week, 30 minutes a day.
2. Smart Brain & Emotional: supervise and train the brain skills Promoting mental and emotional health By hobby Participate in activities for the elderly club And promote non-smoking behavior
3. Smart Sleep , get enough sleep at least 7-8 hours a day.
4. Smart Eat. Eat 5 food groups, reduce sweet, salty, focus on fruits and vegetables, choose foods with high quality protein such as sea fish and encourage the elderly to have good oral health. For the ability to grind food