Asia

Japan Osaka History

History

Prehistoric era to Kofung era

Evidence of settlement in the Osaka area is the Morinomiya Historical Site (森 の 宮 遺跡 Morinomiya iseki). Oyster tombs and human skeletons were discovered during 500-600 BC. The name Ue Hong Miya today is probably a peninsula and there is a sea in the east. In the Yayoi period The first permanent settlement was discovered. In the plains of Osaka By sticking to rice cultivation as the main occupation. During the Kofung era, Osaka was developed as a port connecting the western regions of Japan. There are many tombs found in the flat plains of Osaka. Is evidence of political stability Led to the creation of the country at a later time.

The Asuka and Nara Periods

In the year 1188, Emperor Kotoku built a palace named Naniwa Nagara-Toyosagi. Go up in Osaka And created this area to be the capital (Naniwa). This area became a new city in those days and was named Naniwa and this name is still used today. It is the name of the center of Osaka, Naniwa (浪 และ) and eroded to Namba (難 波) today, despite the capital being moved to Asuka. (In present Nara province) in the year 1198. Naniwa is also a center for connecting both land and sea between Yamato. (Nara province) Korea and China

In the year 1287, Naniwa once again became the capital city under the orders of Emperor Chomu. But became the capital until the year 1288. The court moved back to Hejo (now Nara) again in the end of the Nara era The harbor therefore gradually became a shelter for mariners. But still bustling along the rivers, canals and land transportation routes to Heian (now Kyoto) and other cities.

Heian era to Edo period

In the year 2039, Buddhism was established. Jodo Shinshu Which is centered in Ishiyama Hongkanji On the grounds of the Naniwa Daimyo Oda Nobunaga Palace, one of the three people gathered in Japan began to encircle the temple in 1570, after another ten years. The monks in the temple surrendered. And the temple was completely destroyed Daimyo Toyotomi Hideyoshi then created the Osaka Castle instead there.

Osaka has been an important economic area of ​​Japan for a long time. There is a high proportion of the merchant population. In the Edo period (2146 – 1867), Osaka grew into a large Japanese city and became a bustling port city again. The culture of Osaka is related to Ukiyo-e. It is a famous painting in the Edo period. In the year 1780, Osaka was a place of culture. Famous for the performances of Kabuki Theater and Bunraku Puppet Theater

In the year 1837, Oshio Hechiro the Samurai class Led the insurgent peasants to protest the disregarded city leaders and poor families in these areas. Nearly a quarter of the city area was burned down from the rebellion. Before the officials from the Shogun were able to subdue the rebels And Oshio decided to later kill himself The Shogunate opened to Osaka as a city open to foreign trade, just like Hyogo (now Kobe) on January 1, 1868, just before the Meiji restoration.

Sennichimae area in the year 1916

The government decree established Osaka as a special administrative city. As a city established by regulations in 1889, [5] with an initial area of ​​15 square kilometers Is the area of ​​Chuo and Nishi in the present. Later, the city has expanded to an area of ​​222 square kilometers, as in the present Osaka was clearly an industrial center during the Japanese capitalist economic development. The growth of this industry has caused many Koreans to emigrate. The regime is therefore a mixed type, with emphasis on industrial promotion and urban development to prosperity. Increased literacy rate And the education system is expanding rapidly Born as a middle class group that is literate and has a passion for art

But in another corner of growth Osaka also has slums, unemployed and poor people, as in Europe and America. Osaka City Municipality has established a payment system to help the poor. Using the original from England The policy makers of Osaka have focused on creating families and helping each other in the fight against poverty. Which is a way to help reduce the budget of the policy to change the city to wealth.

However, Osaka was heavily damaged by World War 2, when American troops bombed various areas of Osaka during the final years of the war. Homeless and industrial people have been badly damaged. But the city quickly returned to its original state after the end of the war And can quickly become an industrial and cultural center city Origin of name. “Osaka” refers to the large hill in the olden days. Osaka was known as Naniwa and no one knew for sure when it was changed to Osaka. But there is evidence of calling the city name Osaka from the text that appeared in the year 1496. In the past, Osaka was written in Kanji as 大 坂, but the latter Kanji is often read incorrectly as 士 反, which has Meaning the samurai rebellion is a meaning that is not very good During the Meiji Reformation era of 1870, the new Kanji of Osaka was changed to 大阪 and is used today. And the latter kanji, อ่าน (pronounced as Onyomiwa), is widely used to mean Osaka and Osaka Prefecture only.

Geography and Climate

Geography

Osaka City is located at the mouth of the river west of the Yado River. Osaka Beach Surrounded by over ten smaller cities in Osaka Prefecture The area accounts for 13 percent of Osaka Prefecture. By the time the city was founded in 1880, the city was divided into two districts, only Chuo and Nishi, with an area of ​​only 15.27 square kilometers and the city has now grown to an area of ​​222.30 square kilometers. The fastest growth occurred in 1925 when the city expanded to 126.01 square kilometers. The highest point of Osaka is in the Tsurumi area. Height above sea level 37.5 meters and the lowest point. In the Nishiyogawa area The height is 2.2 meters below sea level.

Climate

Osaka is a city located in a warm, humid climate area (CFA according to Kepener’s Climate Change System). There are 4 distinct seasons. In winter, in cold weather The temperature drops to a low in January on average 9.3 degrees Celsius. Osaka is a city that does not snow in the winter. In the spring it is cool but gradually hot and humid. Until entering the rainy season from the end of May to the beginning of July, then the summer is hot and humid In july and august The average temperature during the day is 35 degrees Celsius, while the average temperature during the night is 25 degrees Celsius. Autumn in Osaka is quite cool. The beginning of the season is similar to summer. And the end of the season is similar to winter

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