In psychology, there are many theories for psychological patients. The main theory is confusing theory, which means that patients are confused and emotional fluctuations. Caused by mental instability In most cases, the symptoms that are shown are usually unhealthy, unreliable, and so on. The rejection theory is that patients with psychological symptoms may be caused by problems at home, social problems. Which most patients tend to throw their own problems on others Due to the inability to accept those problems Most of these problems tend to disappear in a very short amount of time. But if still available, should see a psychiatrist – Dr. LD Chyplip
Same as general scientific methods Psychological methods consist of 2 major steps, systematically observing important components or variables and collecting and interpreting the data obtained. The systematic observation is an attempt to eliminate the influence of the bias or the bias of the observer and can guarantee that The observation can be repeated.
There are 2 methods of systematic observation: experimental methods by creating situations Created to observe things that follow and how to correlate (correlation method) by observing events that occur naturally
The observer is called the tester who creates the condition or the variable. To illustrate the relationship or effect on other variables, it may be a comparison of variables between 2 or more experimental groups. And report the results Or the results of the compilation and interpretation of the comparisons obtained from the experiment This method is commonly done in laboratories or laboratories. Because able to control various variables or environments as needed Or to a minimum Also, observation Can be done easily and with accuracy.
The variables used in the experiment are divided into 2 types which are independent variables which are defined variables and dependent variables which are variables which are expected to be the result of action with independent variables.
After knowing the results of the experiment The subject has to conclude and report the results to others. So others can use the said results to benefit Or continuing to expand the knowledge
How to find relationships
How to find relationships Is the study of the relationship of two or more variables By not specifying which variable has influence over which variable The relationship between the two variables is called the coefficient correlation, which is between -1.00 and 1.00.
How to find relationships with the following:
Psychological methods (Psychometric techniques) use psychological tests and questionnaires to measure differences in individual characteristics. Or changes of any person In general, the tests used in Relationships research can test independent variables on a case-by-case basis. Therefore, this psychological measure shows The relationship of 2 variables with the results from the test or questionnaire itself.
Observation in natural conditions (Naturalistic Observation) Observing natural conditions will give Be more realistic Because it is an observation of actual behavior in life The observer must not be aware that it has been observed. To make the behavior In accordance with nature But requires a certain amount of time to observe Which sometimes can be quite long
Clinical Method of Observation is an individual history study (case study) which helps psychologists understand the history. Parenting basics Including the basics of behavior in order to be used for treatment or behavior modification
Such as observations may be wrong due to various factors, so the study must be well planned and trained. Especially observing clinical methods That cannot be repeated. Both experimental methods and finding relationships are both useful and appropriate. It depends on each case, but many times the two methods are combined. For a detailed study in many ways And is more useful in psychology