We often see ancient people fighting in battles in the novels, and the army has millions and hundreds of thousands at every turn. Is this true? To tell everyone clearly that they are basically fake. Let’s take the Three Kingdoms period as an example to briefly talk about the population and the number of soldiers at that time.
According to statistics, during the heyday of the Han Dynasty, the population of the Han Dynasty reached more than 60 million people. It should be noted that the 60 million people mentioned here are the heyday of the Han Dynasty.
However, after the Yellow Turban Uprising, the Han dynasty continued to chaos for many years, resulting in a massive decline in the population. In addition to those who died in the war, there were also people who were unable to live peacefully and cultivated because of the war, and many civilians were hungry alive. Dead, by the Three Kingdoms period, the population at that time was only more than 20 million, less than 30 million, which had declined by more than half, and the decline was very severe, showing the terrible nature of war.
What was the general situation of the population ratio during the Three Kingdoms period? The approximate ratio of Wu, Shu and Wei is 2:1:5.
At that time, the population of Wei was the largest, more than the total population of Wu and Shu combined. Because of the large population, it led to more troops. This was also the fundamental reason for Wei’s final victory. At that time, the available forces of Wei were probably Smaller than 500,000, the state of Wu is more than 200,000, and the state of Shu is at least about 100,000. If we look at the strength of troops, the three-point world situation will not last for so many years. , The biggest reason is the geographical location.
Let’s analyze the position of the three kingdoms of Wu, Shu and Wei. The State of Wei is located in the Central Plains, the State of Shu is entrenched in Sichuan, and the State of Wu is located in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River.
Although the military strength of the Kingdom of Shu is the weakest, it is entrenched in Sichuan, the terrain is steep, and it is easy to defend and difficult to attack. Let’s take a look at the State of Wu. The State of Wu is in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. There are many rivers. Soldiers of the State of Wu have a big natural advantage. They are very good at fighting on the water, and they are all proficient in water. Relying on this, Wu’s defenses were also very powerful. Cao Cao realized this in the Chibi Battle. He knew that his soldiers were not strong in water combat, so he tied all the big ships together, and the soldiers were on top of it. He walked on the ground, but he didn’t expect to be burned clean by a fire.
Although Wei has the strongest military strength, it is not easy to attack either side. At that time, the three parties checked and balanced each other, especially the two countries of Shu and Wu, who knew their strength was weak and had been in a state of unity. Let’s take a look at Wei. Wei, located in the Central Plains, had a very strong combat power on the plains and had a large number of cavalry. After the Chibi War, Wei was greatly injured. He wanted Wu to pursue victory and gathered most of the domestic forces to attack Wei. , Attacked many times but did not gain much. Therefore, in the three kingdoms of Wu, Shu and Wei, Wei has always been dominant.
And the millions of soldiers we often see in the novels are too exaggerated. The past was no better than the present. At that time, there were years of warfare, the living conditions were limited, the population was not large, and the military strength could not be so exaggerated.