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Does Puerto Rico belong to the United States

Puerto Rico Autonomous State (English: The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Spanish: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico), referred to as Puerto Rico, is located in the eastern part of the Great Antilles in the Caribbean Sea. Including Puerto Rico Island and the small islands of Vieques and Culebra. It faces the Atlantic Ocean to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the south, the U.S. Virgin Islands and the British Islands across the water to the east, and the Dominican Republic across the Mona Strait to the west. The capital is San Juan.

As an autonomous region of the United States, Puerto Rico residents are American citizens and do not participate in the presidential election of the United States, but have the right to elect a non-voting commissioner of the U.S. House of Representatives.

As of 2017, Puerto Rico had a land area of ​​8,870 square kilometers, and as of 2018, it had a population of 3,659,007 people. Among them, Puerto Ricans accounted for 76.2%.

Population nation
Puerto Rican is the collective name for Puerto Rican residents in the Caribbean region of Central America. There are about 3.659 million (2018). General Spanish and English. Many believers in Catholicism. The earliest inhabitants of Puerto Rico were Arawak and Caribbean Indians. In 2012, whites of European descent accounted for about 73% of all residents, 23% of mixed races, and 4% of blacks. There are more than 20,000 Americans and immigrants from other countries. Among the economically independent population, 20% are engaged in industry, 17.2% are engaged in commerce, 7.3% are engaged in agriculture, 17% are engaged in construction and transportation, and 33.7% are engaged in service industries. All Puerto Rico citizens are American citizens in the full sense, and they have the right to vote in national elections after moving to the United States.

Natural environment
Puerto Rico covers an area of ​​13,790 square kilometers, and mountains and hills account for 3/4 of the island’s area. The central mountain range traverses east and west, and the terrain stretches from the center to the surroundings, from high to low, and the coast is a plain. The highest peak, Punta Mountain, is 1,338 meters above sea level. It has a tropical rainforest climate with sufficient rainfall. The average temperature in January is 24℃, and the average temperature in July is 27℃. It is vulnerable to hurricanes, with an annual average temperature of 28°C.

Administrative divisions
Puerto Rico is divided into 7 districts: Aguadilla, Arecibo, Guayama, Umacao, Mayaguez, Ponce, San Juan. The capital and largest city is San Juan on the northern coast.

Government
According to the Constitution enacted by the United States in 1952, the Governor is the Chief Executive, elected by elections for a term of 4 years and under the Council of Ministers. The U.S. Congress has the power to repeal laws passed by the Puerto Rico Congress. The parliament is divided into the Senate and House of Representatives. The island has elected a local commissioner to the U.S. Congress, but can only vote in the House of Representatives committee.

Political party
There are three major political parties: the People’s Democratic Party, the New Progressive Party, and the Puerto Rican Independence Party. Polish citizens have no right to vote for the president of the United States, and can only participate in the bipartisan primary elections.

Culture
With the advancement of modernization, the Americanization of Puerto Rican culture has become increasingly obvious. But the people of insight on the island believe that Puerto Rican culture should not be assimilated into the mainstream American culture, otherwise the national identity of Puerto Rico will be lost. This proposition is closely linked to the dispute over Puerto Rican’s political status and has become a political issue of concern to every Puerto Rican. The language issue is one of the focuses of controversy.

After the People’s Democratic Party came to power, the priority of Spanish was restored. However, over time, the importance of English has increased. The direction of Puerto Rican culture is still an open question. Education is relatively developed. The government has always attached importance to education and provided free compulsory education for students aged 6-16. Classes are taught in Spanish, but English is required. Higher education is well developed.

The largest and oldest university in Puerto Rico is the University of Puerto Rico, which was founded in 1903 and has 11 campuses. The largest private university is the Sistema University System, which has six universities under its umbrella. There are also 4 medical schools and 4 law schools.

Military
The United States is responsible for its defense. It implements a compulsory military service system and has 11,000 people in the National Guard with a budget mainly provided by the US federal government. The United States has seven military bases in Poland with 50,000 troops stationed there. Among them, the Roosevelt Rhodes base is the world’s largest naval base, which can accommodate 45,000 aircraft and 1,200 ships each year.

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