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Where are the Inuit?

Inuit live in the Arctic region, distributed inside and outside the Arctic Circle from Siberia, Alaska to Greenland, living in Greenland, the United States, Canada and Russia respectively. It belongs to the Arctic type of Mongolian race, and has created characters spelled in Latin letters and Cyrillic letters. Many believe in animism and shamanism, and some believe in Protestantism and Catholicism. There are stone houses, wooden houses and snow houses, half of the houses are buried underground, and the doorways are extremely low.

Inuit people live in northern Canada, and they can be seen in Greenland and Alaska. Not tall, with a wide nose, black and straight hair, the Inuit people live very scattered, and there are only a few thousand people at the northern end of the Siberie and TCHOUKTCHES peninsulas. In Canada, they mainly live in the Nunavut area, with a population of about 30,000. There are more than 60,000 people in the world

The Inuit don’t like people calling them “Eskimos” because this term comes from their enemy, the language of the Indian Algonquin tribe, which means “people who eat raw meat” and “Inuit” It’s what they call themselves, which means “human being”.

French missionaries spelled “ESQUIMAU” in this way, feminine “ESQUIMAUDE”, and plural “ESQUIMAUX”. English is “ESKIMO” which is our common form. They are the same as the Indians, but came to America from the Bering Strait later. The Inuit mainly show the ethnic characteristics of the Mongols.

They settled on the coast and mainly hunted marine mammals (mainly RHOQUE, walrus, narwhal and various whales) and land mammals (duck, Canadian reindeer, white bear, musk ox, polar fox and polar bear).

There are many ways to hunt. Although rifles have replaced traditional weapons, harpoons are an effective supplementary tool. The Inuit are also engaged in fisheries. It mainly preys on marine fish (sharks, cod, fish dishes, trout and sockeye salmon with flesh-colored salmon). Some localized races also catch freshwater fish.

Fishing activities are generally carried out on large ice floes, and more often under ice floes. Different races use different fishing tools to catch different types of fish: fishing hooks, fishing nets, fishing baskets, and spears. Inuit people also engage in picking during the short summer in the Arctic, but their diet is still mainly meat-based. In this living environment, they mainly rely on seals and Canadian reindeer for survival. It was also the fur of those animals that provided the Inuit people with clothing to withstand the severe cold.

As for the form of living, the traditional one is an igloo house with a dome made of snow bricks. However, the term igloo does not only refer to this snow-brick house, but refers to various forms of living, which vary according to the seasons: In summer, Inuit people live in tents made of animal skins; in winter, they live in tents made of animal skins. In an igloo, a stone house or a dirt block house.

Nomadic life also originated in the form of migration, and later dog sleds were invented-American Indians also used this tool, as well as seal skin dinghies and canoes. Different sealskin dinghies are usually one-man-operated small boats, which are rowed with double sculls and a narrow hull, which makes the sealskin dinghy very flexible whether it is at sea or on ice.

In the bay of UNGAVA, New Quebec, the sealskin dinghy is the most magical. However, among the Inuit and Indians, the nomadic lifestyle has disappeared. Snowmobiles have replaced sleighs, and barracks have replaced igloos.

Hunting down the behemoth
Whales are necessary for the lives of Inuit people, but due to the declining number of whales, whaling activities in various countries are now strictly restricted by the International Whaling Commission (IWC). Inuit people only get a certain quota each year to satisfy them.” Tradition and the need for survival”.

The Inuit used a wooden kayak to hunt whales. This type of boat can only carry one person. The style is similar to the single-person kayak used in the modern Olympic Games. In fact, the latter is based on the former. This kind of small boat is mobile and flexible. The biggest advantage is that as long as the oars are there, you can turn the overturned boat upright and continue participating in the battle at any time.

Regarding whales, the Inuit combined with the Bible and grafted a story: God sent a flood to punish the sins of mankind. The Inuit did not hide in Noah’s Ark, but drifted with the water in their own kayaks. When they were about to starve to death, a bowhead whale came and volunteered to provide them with food. The Inuit survived the storm and were able to land. Since then, bowhead whales will come to the North Pole to provide food for the Inuit every spring. This story is widely circulated among the Inuit people, so they are full of gratitude to the whales.

Because of this, the Inuit held rituals and prayers for each whale that was hunted, and blessed their souls. And this kind of gratitude for the blessings of nature is often indifferent to us modern people.

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