Snake gourd (Latin scientific name: Trichosanthes anguina L.), annual climbing vine ; slender stem, many branches. The leaf is membranous, round or reniform, the leaf base is curved and deep heart-shaped, the back is light green, densely pubescent; the petiole is 3.5-8 cm long with longitudinal stripes. The tendrils are 2-3 bifurcated, with longitudinal stripes and pubescent.
Flowers monoecious. Male flowers form racemes , peduncle 10-18 cm long, sparsely pubescent and hirsute; bracts subulate-lanceolate; calyx tube nearly cylindrical; corolla white, lobes oval-oblong; anthers The column is ovoid with slender filaments . Female flowers are solitary, pedicel less than 1 cm long, densely pilose; calyx and corolla are the same as male flowers; ovary rod-shaped. The fruit is long cylindrical, usually twisted, green when young, with pale stripes, orange-yellow when mature, with more than 10 seeds. The seeds are oblong, hidden in the bright red fruit flesh, gray-brown, the umbilicus is narrowed, and the other end is round or slightly truncated, with shallow wavy crenels on the edge, and wrinkles on both sides. Flower and fruit period in late summer and autumn.
Cultivated in both north and south China. Native to India; cultivated in Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines and eastern Africa. The fruit feeds vegetables, can quench thirst and cure jaundice ; the roots and seeds can relieve diarrhea and kill insects. The surface of the melon body has white and green stripes resembling a white snake, and the surface of the old ripe melon has red and green stripes resembling a safflower snake, with different body shapes, lifelike, strange and beautiful.
|Name: Snake gourd|
Scientific name: Trichosanthes anquina L.
Sub family: Trichosanthinae
Distribution: Cultivated in India, North and South China, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines and Eastern Africa
Annual climbing vine ; stems are slender, multi-branched, with longitudinal ribs and grooves, pubescent and sparsely villous with long bristles. The leaves are membranous, round or reniform, 8-16 cm long, 12-18 cm wide, 3-7 lobed to middle lobed, sometimes deeply lobed, very variable, usually obovate, asymmetrical on both sides, The apex is round and obtuse or broad triangle, with short pointed head, sparsely serrated at the edge, the leaf base is curved and deep heart-shaped, about 3 cm deep, green on the top, pubescent and pilose-like long bristles, light underside Green, densely pubescent, with 5-7 main veins, reaching the tip of the tooth, fine veins reticulate; the petiole is 3.5-8 cm long, with longitudinal stripes, densely pubescent and sparsely pilose with long bristles. The tendrils are 2-3 bifurcated, with longitudinal stripes and pubescent.
Flowers monoecious. Male flowers form racemes , often with 1 solitary female flowers juxtaposed, peduncle 10-18 cm long, sparsely pubescent and hirsute, with 8-10 flowers at the top, pedicel thin, 5-12 mm long, dense Is pubescent; bracts subulate-lanceolate, 3 (-5) mm long; calyx tube is nearly cylindrical, 2.5-3 cm long, slightly enlarged at the top, 4-5 mm in diameter, densely pubescent and Sparsely pilose-like bristles, lobes narrowly triangular, about 2 mm long, 1 mm wide at base, reflexed; corolla white, lobes ovoid-oblong, 7-8 mm long, 3 mm wide, with 3 Veins, tassels and corolla lobes nearly as long; anther ovoid, about 3 mm long, slender filaments, about 2 mm long; pistil with 3 slender separated styles. Female flowers are solitary, pedicel less than 1 cm long, densely pilose; calyx and corolla are the same male flowers; ovary rod-shaped, 2.5-3 cm long, about 3 mm in diameter, densely covered with very pubescent and long pilose bristles .
The fruit is cylindrical, 1-2 meters long, 3-4 cm in diameter, usually twisted, green when young, with pale stripes, orange-yellow when mature, with more than 10 seeds. The seed is oblong, hidden in a bright red fruit pulp, 11-17 mm long, 8-10 mm wide, gray-brown, the end of the umbilicus is narrowed, the other end is round or slightly truncated, with shallow wavy crenels on the edge , With wrinkles on both sides. Flower and fruit period in late summer and autumn.
Watch: Snake gourd has several green lines starting from the stem. Some of the melons are vertical, some are arched, some are curved, and some have curled tails, just like long snakes spreading under the scaffolding. In the tender melon stage, there are white and green stripes on the surface of the melon body that resemble white snakes, and the surface of the melon after maturity shows red and green stripes resembling safflower snakes, with different body shapes, lifelike, strange and beautiful.
Medicinal: Snake gourd is cool in nature, enters the lungs, stomach, and large intestine meridian, can clear away heat and resolve phlegm, moisturize the lungs and smooth the intestines. It is rich in carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. The meat is soft, clears heat and relieves heat, diuresis and lowers blood pressure. It is very beneficial to human health and has medicinal value.
Edible: Snake gourd uses tender fruits as vegetables, but tender leaves and tender stems are also edible. The tender melon is soft and has a slight smell, but when cooked, it becomes fragrant and slightly sweet. The tender fruit and tender stems and leaves of snake gourd can be fried and used as soup with a unique flavor.