on October 12, Lady of Aparecida Day is celebrated in Brazil and it is a holiday.
The Roman Rite feast day of Our Lady of Aparecida is on October 12, which since 1980 is also a public holiday in Brazil. The building in which it is venerated was granted the title of minor basilica by Pope John Paul II in 1980, and is the largest Marian shrine in the world, being able to hold up to 45,000 worshippers. wikipedia source
This national holiday in Brazil is always celebrated on October 12th. Known as ‘Nossa Senhora de Aparecida’, it honours Brazil’s patron saint, the Virgin Mary Aparecida. Mary is honoured with a ten-day festival in the city near São Paulo that bears her name.
History of Our Lady of Aparecida
Legend has it that in October 1717, after a day’s fishing without any luck, fishermen cast their nets into the Paraiba River and pulled up a small brown statue of the Virgin Mary. Then they cast their nets again and this time they came up full of fish. This was the first miracle attributed to the statue
The area where the miracle happened grew into a city called Aparecida (meaning “she who has appeared”) and a church was built to house the statue which has now become the destination of many pilgrimages.
The statue is made of clay and is about 40cm in height. The statue was a lighter shade of brown when found, but is now much darker due to years of exposure to candles and lamps around the altar.
Because of its colour and because the miracle happened to a young slave boy, devotion to the statue grew rapidly, particularly among Afro-Brazilians.
Many churches in Brazil have been dedicated to her, the most significant ones are the Brasília’s cathedral and the National Basilica. The latter is the world’s second-largest basilica.
Our Lady of Aparecida was declared the patron saint of Brazil by Pope Pius XI in 1929. The feast day of Our Lady of Aparecida has been a National Holiday in Brazil since 1980. Office Holidays source