The meaning and distribution of Islamic countries
“Islamic countries” (also known as Muslim countries) refer to countries and regions where Islam is the state religion and most residents believe in Islam.
Islamic countries are mainly distributed in the Middle East, the Arabian Peninsula, and some other regions in Africa and Asia. Such as Iran, Afghanistan, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Indonesia, etc.
An Islamic country refers to a country whose citizens are mainly followers of Islam (Muslims). Some countries have implemented a policy of unity of administration and religion, but most of them are considered to be “combination of politics and religion” regimes (family rule is opposed to Islamic law), which only selectively enforce Islamic laws based on their political interests, so Islamic law is limited to In civil litigation.
Islamic countries are mainly distributed in the Middle East, the Arabian Peninsula, and some other regions in Africa and Asia. Such as Iran, Afghanistan, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Indonesia, etc. The laws of these countries generally only refer to the Quran and the Sunnah and will not be fully implemented.
Islamic countries have two main meanings:
- Broadly refers to countries where Islam is the state religion (or official religion), or where most residents believe in Islam. The main feature is that the head of state is a Muslim, recognizes Sharia as one of the main sources of national legislation, and attaches importance to Islamic cultural traditions. In contemporary times, the four countries of Pakistan, Iran, Mauritania and Comoros are named the Islamic Republic. Although Muslims do not make up the majority of the population in some countries, they are deeply influenced by Islam and are also called Islamic countries. Also refers to the member states of the Organization of the Islamic Conference. There are 44 Islamic countries in the world, including 21 in Asia and 23 in Africa.
- In particular, it refers to the unity of politics and religion advocated by the Islamic fundamentalists of various countries based on the ancient Caliphate state as a model, also known as the Islamic society (ie Ummah), the Islamic order, and the veritable Islamic state.
Its main features are:
(1) Recognizing that all sovereignty belongs only to Allah, and Allah is the absolute sovereign of all things in the universe. Countries, political parties, groups, and individuals have no legislative power, but can only follow the sacred Sharia. The country must be based on Allah’s rule of law, and any legislation must not go against the Quran and the will of Allah.
(2) Recognizing the authority of the Prophet, the Prophet Muhammad is the agent of Allah in the world, and has the right to exercise political and legal powers on behalf of Allah. His words and actions are one of the main basis for legislation.
(3) Recognize the rights that the state has granted to Muslims by Allah. The country has the right to exercise the sovereignty of the prophet in its kingdom. The rule of the country belongs to all Muslims, and its basic duty is to safeguard the fundamental interests of the people.
(4) The state must respect the wishes of the Muslim masses and handle state affairs through extensive democratic consultations, including the election of the head of state. The above-mentioned basic principles are a kind of political ideals expounded by religious scholars. So far, there has not been a complete religious regime of this kind in the world.
“Islamic countries” generally refer to countries and regions where Islam is the state religion and the majority of residents believe in Islam (Islamic countries are sometimes called Muslim countries, and Muslims mean Islam).
They include all Arab countries (Kuwait, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Republic of Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania , Somalia, Djibouti and Comoros), Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and Chad in Africa, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania and Kosovo in Europe, and Turkey, Azerbaijan, Iran, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan in Asia , Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Maldives, Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei.
A total of 47 countries and 2 regions (Western Sahara and Kosovo).
Among them, only about half of Lebanon, Chad, Nigeria, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Malaysia believe in Islam.
There are some countries where Muslims do not make up the majority of the population, but due to the influence of Islam, they have also declared to be Islamic countries and joined the Organization of the Islamic Conference. They are Guinea-Bissau, Côte d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Togo, Benin, Cameroon, Gabon, Uganda, Tanzania (joined in 2009) and Mozambique in Africa, and Guyana and Suriname in South America.