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Acetazolamide, sold under the trade name Diamox among others, is a medication used to treat glaucoma, epilepsy, altitude sickness, periodic paralysis, idiopathic intracranial hypertension (raised brain pressure of unclear cause), and heart failure.

Acetazolamide is a drug that has a wide range of properties. Used to treat glaucoma, epilepsy, and help diuretic It also prevents and alleviates symptoms caused by traveling to high altitudes such as headache, fatigue, dizziness, nausea and shortness of breath Or may be used to treat other diseases at the discretion of the doctor.

Acetazolamide drugs There are contraindications and side effects, so use of the drug should always be under the guidance of a doctor and pharmacist.

About Acetazolamide Drug

Drug group: Diuretics , Glaucoma Drugs
Drug type: Prescription drugs
Properties: Treat glaucoma, epilepsy, diuretic, prevent and reduce the symptoms caused by the rise.
Patient group: Adult child
Dosage form: Oral drug, injection drug

Warning on medication Acetazolamide

  • Tell your doctor before using this drug if you have a history of allergy to any drug or ingredient to sulfa drugs, including allergy to other drugs, food, or substances.
  • Let your doctor know about any medications, vitamins and herbs you are taking. This is because many drugs may interact with this drug and lead to side effects or decreased effectiveness. Especially metazolamide drugs
  • Patients taking aspirin must inform their doctor before using this medicine. Because when used together can cause side effects including loss of appetite, lethargy or rapid breathing. And if this drug is used in conjunction with high-dose aspirin May even cause death
  • Tell your doctor, nurse, pharmacist, and dentist you are using this drug. Before receiving any treatment
  • While using this drug Patients will receive blood tests as directed by their doctor. And if this drug is used to treat glaucoma, the eye pressure will be checked as directed by your doctor.
  • People with diabetes using this drug must have close monitoring of their blood sugar levels.
  • While using this drug Make the patient avoid driving or engaging in activities that require alertness and clear vision. Until you are certain that this drug does not cause side effects.
  • The use of this drug may malfunction in some laboratory tests. Patients must inform their doctor that they are taking this drug.
  • Avoid exposure to sunlight or strong lights while using this medication. Because the drug may make the skin more sensitive to the sun And should use sunscreen Wear sunglasses And put on tight clothes when going outdoors
  • People 65 years of age and older use this drug with caution. Because it is more prone to side effects than the general public
  • People who are pregnant, planning a baby, or are breastfeeding should discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this medication with your doctor before using this medication.

Drug use Acetazolamide

Dosage and duration of use are at the discretion of the treating physician. With an example of using drugs as follows

Treat open-angle glaucoma and use it in the preoperative steps for closed-angle glaucoma.

Intravenous drug

Adult : 250-1,000 mg / day intravenous injection. If used in quantities greater than 250 mg, the drug can be divided multiple times.

Oral medicine

Adults are taking tablets of 250-1,000 mg / day. If eaten in the amount more than 250 mg, divided orally. For long-acting drugs Take 500 mg twice a day.

Help diuretic

Intravenous drug

Adults : 250-375 mg intravenous injection once a day or every other day. And it is necessary to give the drug at regular intervals for the continued effectiveness.

Oral medicine

Adults take 250-375 mg of the drug once a day or every other day. And need to use the drug at regular intervals for the continued effectiveness.

Side effects from drug use Acetazolamide

Acetazolamide Dosage It can cause side effects including headache, vomiting, upset stomach. The perception of taste changes, appetite loss, constipation, drowsiness, blurred vision, fatigue, etc. If such symptoms do not go away or interfere with daily life. Patients should see a doctor.

If you experience serious side effects from drug use Acetazolamide following the drug should be discontinued and seek medical attention immediately.

  • Allergic reactions to drugs such as hives, difficulty breathing, swollen face, swollen lips, swollen tongue, swollen throat, rash, itchy, red, blistered skin, peeling skin with or without fever. Chest or neck tightness Noisy breathing Has trouble breathing or speaking, hoarseness, etc.
  • Acidosis May cause severe abdominal pain Upset stomach, vomiting, confusion, extreme drowsiness, dyspnea, extreme fatigue, extreme tiredness, rapid breathing, rapid heartbeat And an irregular heartbeat
  • Abnormal minerals in the body Symptoms such as loss of appetite, stomach upset, severe vomiting, mood changes, confusion, muscle pain Muscle weakness Irregular heartbeat and seizures
  • Vision and hearing changes
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Numbness, a burning sensation, or the appearance of a needle in the skin
  • Pain when urinating Urine contains blood
  • It may cause other side effects such as rash, swelling, redness, blisters, peeling skin, redness, irritation in the mouth, throat, nose or eyes, fever, chills, sore throat, tired cough, extreme tiredness, bruising or bleeding. Or liver malfunction The gate is obtained from dark urine, loss of appetite, fatigue, upset stomach, abdominal pain, pale stools, vomiting and jaundice, but these side effects are rare.
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