Land god (Local Guardian)
Land god (Local Guardian) – 土地神 （地方保护神
The god of the land, also known as “the god of fortune”, “the father of the land “, “the land of the land “, “the god of the land “, “the land of the earth”, “the land of the land”, ” the god of society “, “the earthbo”, etc., its temples It is called the ” Temple of Earth “, “Bogong Temple”, “Fodezheng Temple”, etc., and is one of the most common gods in folk beliefs.
The god of the community originated from the worship of the land by the ancients. Land is the place where humans live and lives, and is the most important source for humans to obtain living materials (clothing, food, shelter, etc.). Worship of the natural substances that people depend on is an important part of primitive worship. Our ancestors have long respected and worshipped the land. But because “the land is vast, it is not to be respected everywhere; there are many grains, and one cannot be sacrificed one by one.
Therefore, the land was established to establish a community and the land is shown.” In ancient times, the land god and the place where the land god was worshiped were called “she”. According to the traditional customs, every time when the seeds are planted or harvested, the farmers have to set up sacrificial offerings and pray or reward the gods of the land. The ancients believed that all things are born in the earth, so the land god is one of the gods that is widely worshipped. Since ancient times, the gods of the community have become the gods of rituals in the sacrificial system.
In southern China, such as Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi and other regions, the god of the earth is generally worshipped, and the belief in the god of the earth has a long historical origin. The Han Dynasty was a period when the customs of the north and south of our country merged. The belief in the god of land was introduced to the northern region at the latest in the Han Dynasty. The faith in the earth public entrusts people with a good wish of eliminating evil, avoiding disasters, and praying for blessings. There have been many changes in the ancient “saints”, but the custom of offering sacrifices to the land gods has been preserved in some parts of southern my country.
Although there are many titles of the land gods, exploring their origins is actually related to the gods of the land, the land, the community, and the grass in ancient Chinese society. In ancient times, the land god and the place where the land god was worshipped were called “she”. According to folk customs, every time the sowing or harvest season, farmers must set up a shrine to worship the land god, pray or reward the land god. Since ancient times, the gods of the community have become the gods of rituals in the sacrificial system. On February 2nd, “Land Birthday” is also called ” Sheri Festival “.
Sheri is divided into Spring Shea Day and Autumn Shea Day . In ancient times, Spring Shea was the fifth day after the beginning of spring, and Qiu She was the fifth day after the beginning of autumn. (E, the five elements belong to soil). The worship of the land god is the primitive worship of the ancient ancestors. This is because the ancestors felt that the earth contained all things and was based on the earth. Therefore, the birth of the earth in history was carried out by the villagers in order to pray for the earth to moisturize all things and harvest the grains. A custom has been passed down since ancient times.
According to the “Xiangshan County Chronicles”: “February Shangwu Festival, burning big color firecrackers.” According to historical data: the birth of the earth is commonly known as the earth god, the earth god, the earth god, and the earth god. Traditionally called the Spring Society, it was a day when people in ancient times offered sacrifices to the gods (that is, land gods) in spring to pray for a good harvest. The custom of “Birthday of the Land” is mainly to worship the land and gather social drinks to entertain people by worshipping and entertaining the gods.
Di Gong and Di Po are the gods of wealth worshiped by merchants. On the second and sixteenth day of each month, they must worship Di Gong and Di Po, which is called “doing” (or making teeth). The second day of the second day of the second lunar month is called “Tou Lei”.
Regarding the personification of the image of Duke Duke, both the Duke Duke and the land wife are kind-looking, white-bearded and white-haired old people. The legend is a kind-hearted, kind-hearted, kind-hearted, solid, and helpful image. Based on this image, the statue of the God of the Land was carved out. It is an old man with white beard, white hair, a pleasant smile, and auspicious fortune. They are generally dressed in ordinary casual clothes, with a round and plump face, slightly narrowed eyes, showing a kind smile.
In the pre-Qin period, the status of the gods was extremely high, so the term “saji” was usually used as a proxy for the country, and the sacrificial ceremonies were also presided over by the emperor or the chief executives of various regions. After the Han and Tang Dynasties, the status of the gods declined, and the sacrifices were not limited to one place. The reason was that “the land is too vast for sacrifice, so the land is sealed for the community to repay the merits.” Therefore, there are large altars in the mountain cemeteries. These social altars later evolved into various types: earth temples, and the social gods also evolved from prominent gods to the wretched land old men described in Ming and Qing novels.