Introduction to the Islamic Republic
The Islamic Republic (Arabic: جمهوريةإسلامية), also known as the Islamic Republic, is an Islamic country with a republican system. It is a component of the four Islamic countries of Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Mauritania.
After Pakistan (including East Pakistan at that time and becoming the People’s Republic of Bangladesh) became independent from the British Empire, it promulgated its constitution on March 23, 1956, changing its dominion to the Republic, and the country’s name was “Islamic Republic of Pakistan”.
Mauritania was established as the “Islamic Republic of Mauritania” on November 28, 1958, but it was still not completely independent at that time and was a “semi-autonomous republic” within the French Community.
After Iran successfully overthrew King Pahlavi in the Islamic Revolution in 1979, the Islamic Republic was established on April 1 of the same year and the country was renamed the “Islamic Republic of Iran”.
Afghanistan established an interim government and a transitional government after the fall of the Taliban regime (the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan) in 2001. On January 26, 2004, President Karzai of the transitional government signed and promulgated a new constitution, named the “Islamic Republic of Afghanistan”.
The term “Islamic Republic” has many different meanings, some of which even contradict other meanings.
In theory, for many religious leaders, the Islamic Republic is a unique theocracy, which is advocated by some Muslim religious leaders in West Asia and North Africa. It is regarded as the product of a compromise between the caliphate state of pure Islam, the unity of politics and religion, with nationalism and the republican secular regime.
In the Islamic Republic’s vision of these religious leaders, the country’s criminal law is consistent with Sharia law, and the national government is not a monarchy like many Middle Eastern countries today, but a republic. In other cases, the Islamic Republic is just a symbol of cultural identity. For example, Pakistan passed the constitution to change its national title in 1956.
In fact, many people believe that the Islamic Republic is a middle ground between a fully secular government and a fully theocracy (orthodox Islam) government.
The Islamic Republic in the Islamic Republic of Iran can be compared with the semi-secular Islamic Republic of Pakistan. In Iran, Islamic law is higher than the national law, although in reality Iran’s clerical ruling group has a vague attitude towards the two.
Pakistan was the first country (1956) to include the name “Islamic Republic” in its secular constitution. Interestingly, although the name of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan was enacted in 1956, it was not until the promulgation of a new constitution that was more democratic but less secular in 1973 that Islam was the state religion.
Pakistan will only use the words “Islamic Republic” on the passports and visas of its citizens, and all government documents will only use the words “Pakistan Government”.
Nevertheless, the 1973 Constitution specifically mentioned the term “Islamic Republic”. According to Article 227 of Chapter 4 of the Constitution of Pakistan, all existing laws must be consistent with the Islamic teachings in the Koran and Sunnah, and all laws that contradict these teachings cannot be promulgated.
There are currently four Islamic republics in the world : the Islamic Republic of Iran; the Islamic Republic of Pakistan; the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan; and the Islamic Republic of Mauritania.
In the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, more than 95% of its residents believe in Islam. The country has a population of 189 million. The Pakistan Armed Forces is the seventh largest active armed force in the world, with a total force of 569,000. It is also the only country with nuclear power in the Islamic State. Pakistan is also the friendliest country in China. When you come to Pakistan, you will be amazed by the enthusiasm of the local people.
Turkey is an Islamic country that straddles the two continents of Europe and Asia, with more than 78.66 million people. The Turkish army is the second largest permanent force of NATO, second only to the US army. Although Turkey is geographically an Asian country, it has always been involved in European affairs. Turkey is also ranked among the top ten tourist countries in the world. It has an ancient civilization and beautiful scenery. The number of people from all over the world who come to explore Turkey’s history, culture, and beautiful nature is increasing every year.
The Islamic Republic of Iran, with 79.1 million people and a strong economic power, has 513,000 active Iranian troops and has been trying to create nuclear weapons, but it has not succeeded yet. Iran has many world heritage sites and beautiful natural environment. Its unique culture has attracted many Chinese tourists in recent years.
Saudi Arabia ranks first in the world in terms of oil reserves and production, making it one of the richest countries in the world. The total strength of the armed forces is about 106,000, and the army is well-equipped. The most important holy places of Islam, Mecca and Medina are in Saudi Arabia, so it is the most influential in the Islamic world.