How Captain Cook discovered Oceania
On modern maps, Australia and New Zealand are part of it. But before the famous British navigator Captain Cook landed in Australia, no one in civilized society knew that there was a “southern continent” with an area of 8 million square kilometers in the central and southern Pacific. As a result of Cook’s discovery, the world map has expanded by 8 million square kilometers of land. Like Columbus, Cook also made important contributions to the great discoveries of the world’s geography.
Cook was born in a peasant family in Yorkshire, England on October 27, 1728. In 1755, on the eve of the Seven Years’ War between England and France, he joined the navy and was promoted to chief mate in less than a month, and was promoted to captain four years later. In 1763, after the war, Cook, as the captain of the schooner “Glenville”, undertook investigations along the coast of Newfoundland, Labrador and Nova Scotia.
In the following years, Cook has achieved many important results. Although he has no background as a scientist, he worked hard to study mathematics in order to give him more scientific meaning in his navigation. In 1766 AD, he once observed a solar eclipse and used it to determine the longitude of Newfoundland. He was also the first person to notice and actually use fresh lime juice to prevent and treat sepsis, which was of particular significance in the polar face inspections and surveys at that time.
In 1768, Cook took the “Endeavor” to the South Pacific for an expedition, observing the route in the waters south of Tahiti, and looking for the legendary southern continent. This was Cook’s second voyage.
On October 7, 1769, Cook arrived at Poverty Bend from New West to North Island. In March of the following year, after careful surveying, he surveyed and mapped the North and South islands of New Zealand.
Then he encountered strong winds and failed to return via the East India Group as originally planned. In April, Cook arrived at Botany Bay in the eastern part of the Australian mainland, and then went north along the coast, crossing the Great Barrier Reef, crossing the Coral Sea and the Torres Strait, and finally landed on the Territory Island outside of Cape York. For the newly discovered land, Cook raised the Union Jack on the Territory Island according to the custom of navigators, and moved the east coast of Australia from 38 degrees south latitude. The large area to Territory Island was named New South Wales and was recognized by the British government after returning home.
In 1775, Cook embarked on his second voyage to the Pacific Ocean. This time he reached the Antarctic and crossed south latitude 70. Line, completed the first circumnavigation of high latitudes from west to east, and drew a chart of Tonga and the amazing Easter Island. In addition, Cook also discovered New Heredonia in the Pacific and the South Sandwich Islands and South George Island in the Atlantic, which proved that Australia and the Antarctic continent are not connected. The following year, Cook made his third voyage. This time he arrived at Queen Charlotte Sound in the South Island of New Zealand. In January 1778, Cook discovered the Hawaiian Islands and drew a chart during the voyage.
On February 14, 1779, Cook died in the Hawaiian Islands at the hands of a local native. Cook’s life is full of human adventurous spirit. It is said that no one in history has been able to make such major changes to the world map like him. Until now, the image of Captain Cook is still a lot of adventure stories, especially some. The main character in the cartoon.