Downing Street is located in Westminster, London, the capital of the United Kingdom. For the past 200 years, it has been the residence of important cabinet officials, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, and the second chancellor of the Exchequer.
The most famous mansion in Downing Street is believed to be No. 10 Downing Street. It used to be the residence of the First Minister of Finance, but since this post merged with the Prime Minister, it has become the Prime Minister’s residence. Therefore, “Downing Street” and “Tangning Street No. 10” are synonymous with the British Prime Minister or Prime Minister’s Office; and “Tangning Street No. 11” represents the finance minister or his office.
History about Downing Street
Downing Street is located in Whitehall in central London, at the corner of the Cavalry Guard Parade and St. James’s Park, and only a few minutes away from Westminster Palace.
Downing Street was built by Sir George Downing, the 1st Baronet (Sir George Downing, 1st Baronet, 1632-1689), and the street name was also named after his surname. Downing himself is a soldier and diplomat, and once served for Oliver Cromwell and then for King Charles II.
Later, Charles II gave Downing a piece of land close to St. James’s Park, and that piece of land is today’s Downing Street. The Prime Minister, the Chancellor of the Exchequer and the Party Whip all live on one side of the street. According to the official website of Downing Street, the last person to live in Downing Street in private is Mr. However, the information is very lacking, except that he moved out of Downing Street in the 1730s.
The other side of the street was occupied by the building of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs since the 19th century. In the 1950s and 1960s, there were plans to demolish the building of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the rest of Downing Street in order to build something “more contemporary”. However, the plan has been shelved and has not yet been implemented.
Although No. 10 Downing Street is not open to the public, there are many famous rooms and buildings worth introducing. In addition, there are many precious sculptures, famous paintings and cultural relics at No. 10 Downing Street, but in fact, most of them are loaned out by the Government Art Collection, which regularly selects and replaces collections for No. 10 Downing Street. The collection does not necessarily have a classical style, but can also be modern and avant-garde works. The principle is to be able to represent British art.
The Black Door was built in the 1760s. There is a chandelier in front of the door. A famous lion head knock on the door and a white Arabic numeral “10” are added to the door. The Prime Minister does not have a key, because the door can only be opened from inside the house.
The Cabinet Room since 1856, cabinet meetings have been held here. It was called the “Council Chamber” (Council Chamber). Today, the cabinet meeting is held every Thursday morning. The meeting room was expanded by Little Pete, and the boat-shaped meeting table inside was purchased by McMillen, so that he could see everyone at the meeting.
The stone staircase (The Staircase) is filled with portraits of previous prime ministers according to the time sequence, but does not include portraits of current prime ministers. Macmillan’s wife had removed all portraits, but Wilson restored the old traditions in 1964.
In 1979, Callahan even hung a color portrait, but it soon returned to its original state. The earth model presented by French President François Mitterrand is displayed at the bottom of the stairs. Because it is too large, it was once cut in half for easy transportation into No. 10 Downing Street.