Toast with jam, vegetable, salad, freshly squeezed juice or coffee They are all food that is obtained with the help of bees. Not only do small insects suck nectar from flower pollen. And produces only honey But in fact The bees are behind many human acquisition of food and drink.
We know that bees are essential to a healthy environment. And we rely on them and other insects to pollinate fruits and vegetables. But have you ever wondered whether Bees have a flower selection method. Or the source of the food
How do bees choose their food ?
Usually, honeybees explore 150 flowers per flight, foraging one flight to collect nectar or pollen. And for that bee Exploring large numbers of flowers in a single area means using less energy than flying in more areas.
One study, published in the Journal of Experimental Biology, studies bees to understand how bees’ foraging locations are chosen. The researchers trained the bees to associate them with yellow spots, which represent nectar. The bees were then tested to distinguish between 13 pairs of yellow dots. Bees can distinguish between pairs of yellow dots 1 and 3, pairs 1 and 4, and pairs 1 and 12, but there is some confusion between comparisons between two or more yellow dots. And bees need a higher amount of yellow spots. When compared with the quantity of only 1 yellow dot, it is the lowest quantity.
Many animals need to process numerical and quantitative data in order to survive. The ability of animals to distinguish between two or more quantities (spontaneous quantity discrimination) is useful for assessing food sources. Violent response Avoiding predators Including the selection of prey For bees, the ability to distinguish between different quantities is possible. It may be helpful in assessing the amount of flowers and making foraging more efficient. According to the results of the study it was found that Possible evolutionary outcome in selecting foraging areas with increased flower volumes when resources are scarce.
In the current situation Bees and other pollinators, such as butterflies or hummingbirds. It is threatened by human activities, however, pollination is a fundamental process for the survival of the ecosystem. Because almost 90 percent of the flowering plants on the planet Along with food crops As well as agricultural areas around the world Based on the above pollination of small insects, pollinators not only provide direct food stability. But it’s also a key to biodiversity conservation.
Bees face many threats. This includes the loss of habitat. Climate change Toxic pesticides and other diseases Since 1900 England has lost 13 species of bees and around 35 other bees are currently under threat of threatening pesticides. Extinction, thus reducing the factors that will cause global warming. Planting trees As well as helping to reduce the use of chemicals It’s a simple method. That will help bees to continue to be able to coexist with humans as a dependence.
Scarlett Howard and Adrian Dyer, (2020, May 20), One, then some: how to count like a be. Retrieved May 30, 2020, From https://theconversation.com/one-then-some-how-to-count-like-a-bee-138815
Scarlett R.Howard et al., (2020). Spontaneous qua ntity discrimination of artificial flowers by foraging honeybees. Journal of xperimental Biology. Retrieved May 30, 2020, From https://jeb.biologists.org/content/223/9/jeb223610.
We all depend on the survival of bees. Retrieved May 30, 2020, From https://www.un.org/en/observances/bee-day