Viruses and bacteria, who is worse?
The coronavirus outbreak 2019 (COVID-19) is now at least interesting to read articles or hear more about germs and hygiene care. However, many people may hear the word virus and bacteria frequently, and have you ever wondered how? What are the differences between viruses and bacteria? What diseases can cause So this article will compare for all readers to understand. So we can get to know each other that “Viruses and bacteria, who are worse?”
1.1 Viruses are particles that have a simple structure. The size is in the range of 20-300 nm with simple structure and components.
1.1.1 The core contains nucleic acids that control viral constituents and Heredity
1.1.2 The part that acts as the encapsulation protein or capsid acts to protect the core. Medium and used to adhere to living cells
1.2.3 Envelope is wrapped around the capsid again.
1.2 for bacteria Is that a single microorganism has components like other living cells, but does not have a nucleus membrane. Available in sizes from 0.3 microns up to 750 microns ever. The main components are
1.2.1 Cell wall is the strongest. Used to encapsulate cells to protect cells to maintain their shape.
1.2.2 Cell membranes It serves to regulate the exchange of nutrients and water.
1.2.3 The cytoplasm, inside the cell membrane, contains proteins, fats and enzymes, as well as DNA containing the genetic code for life or reproduction.
Both viruses and bacteria differ in shape and size depending on the species. In summary, the virus came along “Tiny but big” bacteria are “big, mighty,” but human beings cannot see them both. With the naked eye anyway, we are likely to be attacked by both types of disease at any time.
Side 2 Let’s look at the dangers that affect our bodies.
2.1 Viruses are considered parasites for human cells. In order for the virus to survive, it has to attach itself to the cells of the organism, and the virus will grow into that organism’s cells and divide as they mature. Viruses will force Cells only make proteins that are beneficial to viruses, which are like a factory for producing viruses. And that cell will Cannot perform beneficial functions on the body until death eventually the virus will attack new cells. Until the source of the disease itself. There are antibodies in the body to eliminate viruses as well. As a result of this foreign body removal, we have certain medical conditions such as fever, aches, sore throat or mucus.
2.2 Bacteria can survive outside the body if environmental conditions are appropriate. But when it enters the body Life produces disease from either the release of toxins or the body’s response to bacteria causing disease. Inflammation, swelling, fever and heat as well. Including some bacteria that attack at the cellular level Compete for food and eventually cause the death of the cell Considering this, bacteria appear to be more diverse to attack humans.
Side 3 Diseases caused by both pathogens
3.1 Diseases caused by well-known viruses such as flu, influenza, dengue fever, rabies, smallpox, Ebola, measles, chickenpox, hepatitis ABC, shingles, herpes, mumps, brain disease. and inflammatory diseases, including mad cow disease that has no cure for AIDS, and the worst part of this viral corona 2019 (COVID-19) as well.
3.2 Diseases caused by bacteria such as tuberculosis, leptospirosis, typhoid fever, tetanus, syphilis, diphtheria, pneumonia, plague, septicemia, cholecystitis, pancreatitis, typhoid, appendicitis and whooping cough. We are already in an unhealthy body and without timely treatment it will do harm. May even have died at all But if we come to measure today that we are still frightened by the Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) and AIDS that do not have any serious drugs.
Side 4 Treatment and prevention
As for the virus, there is no serious drug treatment. Although some antiretroviral drugs such as hepatitis B or herpes virus are available in the latter, as well as HIV, they are not widespread and still have side effects, so they are only symptomatic and must wait. Let the body learn to eliminate the virus itself and to prevent it by using vaccines for most vaccine-producing diseases, such as influenza, measles and rabies.
Bacteria themselves can be treated in a variety of ways, including antibiotics, surgery such as an abscess, or serous or symptomatic treatment. There are also vaccines available for common diseases such as whooping cough and tetanus.
It can be seen that humanity is still unable to find a full cure for viral disease. Especially horrifying infections such as HIV and Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19).
Side 5: Past epidemics caused by both pathogens
Plague – Bacteria.
The first time in 541 AD, the epicenter was in the Byzantine Empire. Estimated deaths worldwide include 30-50 million people.
The second time around the 14th century, about 30-60% of European citizens died, more than 25 million people died (some sources say 100 million).
The third time in the 19-20 century started in Yunnan Province in China and spread all over the world. 12 million people died.
Smallpox – virus (as recorded in numbers)
The 1st time around 165 AD, 5 million Romans died.
The second time, 15th century, spread from the Spanish fleet to the Americas, estimated to have died at least 10 million people.
3rd time at the end of the 18th century, epidemic in Europe, the exact sum is unknown. But about 100,000 people die per year.
Cholera – bacteria
1817 Around 1 million people died in Russia, after which it spread to India. About 1 million more deaths
Russian flu – virus
AD 1889-1890 There were 360,000 deaths in total.
Spanish flu (Spanish flu) – virus
1918 there were deaths in total. Both America and Europe, including 20-50 million people, some sources believe that it may reach 100 million people !!
1956-1958 Around the world there were 2 million deaths.
Hong Kong Flu
1968, 1 million deaths
AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: AIDS) – HIV virus.
Since 1992, Thailand has started a serious AIDS epidemic.
Influenza 2009 A (H1N1) – viral infection.
2009 More than 200,000 deaths
Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) – virus
2019-present as of March 28, 2020: 27,365 deaths among 597,267 infected people.
There are actually other outbreaks, but those outlined above. This is the only big time in recent times when medicine has progressed and our understanding of pathogens has grown. The prospects for treatment are also quite effective, resulting in a decrease in deaths from past infections. Until not in the epidemic situation But this does not include emerging diseases such as the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), which do not have a vaccine to prevent and directly cure the disease.
The comparison of the two above pathogens is merely the opinion of the author’s team. The horror of pathogens for each person may vary according to direct or indirect experience. May have different results But for sure, we should all know how to protect ourselves and maintain hygiene. So as not to infect these So would be best