International Consumer Rights Day
Every March 15th is International Consumer Rights Day, which was determined by the International Consumers Union in 1983. In 1898, the world’s first consumer organization was established in the United States. The purpose is to expand the promotion of consumer rights protection, so that it can be valued worldwide.
In 1983, the International Consumers Union organized March 15th each year as the “International Consumer Rights Day.”
This is based on the “Presidential Special Message on the Protection of Consumer Interests” issued by former US President John F. Kennedy in the US Congress on March 15, 1962, and for the first time proposed the famous “four rights” of consumers, namely: The right to obtain security; the right to obtain correct information; the right to freely decide on choices; the right to put forward consumer opinions.
These four rights proposed by Kennedy will gradually be recognized by consumer organizations around the world and become the most basic work goals. In 1898, the world’s first consumer organization was established in the United States.
In 1936, the National Consumers Union was established. After the Second World War, various organizations that reflect the interests and requirements of consumers have appeared in some developed countries one after another. On this basis, in 1960, the International Consumers Union was established.
Since then, the consumer movement has become more active, and many developing countries have also established consumer organizations, making consumer movement a global social phenomenon. There are more than 300 consumer organizations in more than 90 countries all over the world. .
On March 15, 1962, Kennedy issued a special inquiry to the President on the protection of consumer interests in the U.S. Congress. For the first time, he proposed four famous consumer rights, namely, the right to consume safely, and to be informed of basic facts during consumption. The right, the right to choose, and the right to appeal.
With the development of consumer rights protection, Kennedy proposed four rights and the other four rights determined by the International Consumers Association, namely, the right to meet basic needs, the right to settle disputes fairly, the right to master basic consumer knowledge, and the right to health The right to live and work in the environment has become the eight guidelines for the protection of consumer rights all over the world.
In 1983, the International Consumers Association designated March 15 each year as International Consumer Rights Day. Since then, every year on March 15th, consumers and related organizations around the world will hold various activities to promote the further development of the consumer rights protection movement.
On April 9, 1985, the United Nations General Assembly unanimously adopted the “Consumer Protection Guidelines”, urging countries to take practical measures to protect the interests of consumers. On December 26, 1984, the China Consumers Association was established, and the China Consumers Association joined the International Consumers Association in 1987.
On March 15, 1991, the directors of the Ministry of Economic Affairs of China Central Television launched a live broadcast of the “3.15” International Consumer Rights Day, a special evening for the Friends of Consumers.