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Where is South Vietnam?

Nanyue or Nam Việt, was an ancient kingdom ruled by Chinese monarchs of the Triệu dynasty that covered the modern Chinese subdivisions of Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hong Kong, and Macau, as well as parts of southern Fujian and northern Vietnam.

Nanyue was originally the name of an ancient nation. It is a branch of the ancient Yue people, distributed in the area south of Wuling. Because of its large population, and the core area of ​​Zhao Tuo’s establishment is also in the area where the Nanyue people live, the country’s name is named “Southyue Kingdom”.

Territory
When the Nanyue Kingdom was at its strongest, the northern border extended to Nanling, including Sanjiang, Longsheng, Xing’an, Gongcheng, Hezhou in the northwest of Guangxi, and Lianshan, Yangshan, Lechang, Nanxiong, Lianping, and Heping in northern Guangdong. , Meizhou, Jiaoling, most of the border with Changsha.

The eastern boundary extends to Yongding, Pinghe, and Zhangpu in the western part of Fujian, and the border with Fujian and Vietnam; the southern boundary includes the entire territory of Hong Kong, Macau and Hainan Island, and the boundary extends south to the east of the Changshan Mountains in central Vietnam. The area north of Daling Line.

The western border reached the area of ​​Baise, Debao, Bama, Donglan, Hechi, Huanjiang, and borders with Yelang, Wulian, Juding and other countries.


Nanyue Kingdom was established on the basis of Nanhai County, Guilin County and Xiang County in the Qin Dynasty. After the founding of the country, Zhao Tuo followed the Qin Dynasty system of prefectures and counties. In the setting of counties, Zhao Tuo retained Nanhai County and Guilin County, and split Xiang County into Jiaozhi County and Jiuzhen County.

Nanhai County roughly includes most of the present-day Guangdong Province. During the Qin Dynasty, there were five counties: Panyu, Longchuan, Boluo, Sihui, and Jieyang. After the establishment of the Nanyue Kingdom, Zhao Tuo added Xuyang and Hanzhen on this basis. Two counties.

Guilin County includes most of the area of ​​present-day Guangxi, and its subordinate counties are Bushan County, which is approximately under the jurisdiction of Guixian County in present-day Guangxi, and is the prefecture of Guilin County. Sihui County, approximately in the present-day Sihui County of Guangxi and nearby areas.

Jiaozhi County and Jiuzhen County included the present-day central and northern parts of Vietnam. Only Xianglin County was the only county under this jurisdiction, and the rest were not recorded.

National Capital
Panyu is the capital of the South Vietnam Kingdom. It was originally built after Ren Xiao captured Lingnan. It served as the command center of the Qin army and the garrison of the Qin army in the south, and later became the prefecture of Nanhai County. After Zhao Tuo established the Nanyue Kingdom, he immediately expanded it into the surrounding capital of ten miles.

Combined with documentary records, its scope is roughly as follows: its southern boundary is about 300 meters south of Zhongshan 4th Road, Yuexiu District, Guangzhou City, which is the east side of Guangzhou First Workers’ Cultural Palace; its western boundary is approximately present at People’s Park; its northern boundary and Song Daizi The northern boundary of the city meets, approximately equivalent to the south of the present Dongfeng Road; the eastern boundary is at Imakurabian Road

Policy
The political system of Nanyue Kingdom is largely an inheritance of the political system implemented by Qin in Lingnan. Soon after the establishment of the Han Dynasty, the Nanyue Kingdom belonged to the Han, so the Han system will inevitably have an impact on the Nanyue Kingdom.

The independence of South Vietnam has a long history, so some of its political measures are also determined by the rulers of South Vietnam. But in general, the originality of the political system of the South Vietnam is still a minority, and most of them are still the inheritance of the Qin and Han systems, that is, they mainly imitate the Qin and Han.

Legal System
Gauntlet existed in South Vietnam, as well as corporal punishment such as tattooing and licking. In the early days of South Vietnam, the rule of Jiaozhi and Jiuzhen counties adopted the principle of “ruling the people as before.” Therefore, in the choice of legal system, the two counties of Jiaozhi and Jiuzhen still applied their established habits.

The third generation of Nanyue King Yingqi still “still good at killing and self-defeating” and “feared to use Han law”. It was not until the fourth generation of Nanyue King Zhao Xing that “except for his tattoos and punishments, use Han law”, indicating the laws of the South Vietnam. For a long period of time, the habits of Yue people have been retained to a large extent.

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