Historical Evaluation of Queen Victoria
In the Victorian era, British liberal capitalism went from the ascendant to the peak and then to the transition period of monopoly capitalism. Britain was extremely prosperous, its culture was unprecedentedly prosperous, and science and art had made great progress.
The Victorian period was the most glorious period of the British Empire’s external territorial expansion. In order to expand its territory, Britain did not hesitate to use all means. In 1857, Britain and France competed for the control of the Suez Canal to a fierce degree, but a cleverly designed conspiracy caused Britain to obtain a controlling stake in the Suez Canal, and France could only give in obediently. The following year, India was added to the territory of the British Empire colony, which was a jewel in the crown of the British Empire.
Britain also made Russia’s victory in the war with Turkey from 1877 to 1878 almost wiped out. At that time, the Russian army was only one step away from Istanbul, and the two sides signed an agreement to vest part of the Balkans in Russia. Victoria did not want to see Russian forces penetrate deep into the Balkans. She used force and diplomacy to pressure Russia to make concessions.
During the reign of Queen Victoria, the British economy grew rapidly and continued to prosper and grow strong. When the Queen came to the throne, Britain had only a few railways, but when she died, Britain already had a well-developed railway network connecting major cities. In order to show the prosperity and strength of Britain, the first Universal Exposition opened in London in 1851 and became a world-wide event at that time.
In terms of culture and science, the world-famous British writer Charles Dickens and the British naturalist Charles Robert Darwin are both figures of the Victorian era. Due to the continuous development of economy and industry, the British in the Victorian era gradually enjoyed the convenience of life brought about by technological progress. The sewage system in London and the incandescent lamps on the streets of London were realized when Queen Victoria was in power. In 1891, ten years before the Queen’s death, Britain had implemented free education for all children.
In the Victorian era, although Britain was a constitutional monarchy, Queen Victoria still had a great influence on ministers. During her reign, the British Empire expanded extremely and reached unprecedented prosperity. The Opium War, which deeply affected Chinese history, also took place shortly after she took the throne. Until today, many rivers, lakes, deserts, waterfalls, cities, ports, streets, parks, schools, buildings in the world are named after Victoria, including Victoria in Australia, Victoria in Canada, Victoria Memorial in Singapore, Hong Kong Victoria Harbour in Hong Kong, Victoria Park in Hong Kong, Victoria, the capital of the Seychelles, Lake Victoria, the largest lake in Africa, and many more.