Where is Hirado Clan?
The Hirado clan was the clan that owned the Hizen country Kita Matsuura and Iki country in ancient Japan. The hall of the feudal clan was located in Hirado Castle, and the Hirado feudal clan was famous for its navy.
The Matsuura party occupation is equivalent to the northern part of Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. It was a samurai group famous for its navy from the Heian period to the Warring States period. After experiencing the Bunei and Hongan battles with the Yuan Dynasty in China, it began to retaliate against the coast of North Korea. Since the bases are on the three islands of Tsushima, Iki, and Hirado, they are called Mishima Japanese pirates by North Korea.
In the Northern and Southern Dynasties, the Southern Dynasties supported by the Matsuura family had been at a disadvantage for a long time, and the economy was suppressed by the more powerful Northern Dynasties. The political revenge and plunder against North Korea turned into pure piracy against North Korea and China’s southeast coast.
After the southern dynasty was unified by the northern dynasty, it entered the Muromachi shogunate era. As the second generation of shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu expressed goodwill to the Ming dynasty for the development of consortium trade, he began to strictly ban piracy, so the Matsuura Party focused on the development of trade.
Later, political chaos in Japan recurred, and the prestige of the Muromachi shogunate was declining, and the control of the major names was greatly reduced. In addition, in the Ming Dynasty, the Ningbo Rebellion occurred. The Matsuura Party once again took risks and resumed its old business. The Matsuura Party and the coastal areas of the Ming Dynasty were dissatisfied with the government for various reasons (political and economic reasons). The people who were dissatisfied with the government merged. Hirado City was opened as a free port, allowing fleets from various countries to enter and exit, and sponsored the smuggling trade between Japan and the Ming Dynasty. Implementation of a comprehensive maritime ban, any trade is illegal), looting of coastal areas, etc.
In the Warring States Period, Matsuura Takashin (Dao Ke), the leader of the Matsuura Party at the time, conquered the northern part of Hizen Kingdom and Diqi Kingdom and became a big name, especially that he was directly involved in the acts of Japanese pirates. His son Jinshin (Fakin) still possessed Kitamatsuura County and Qiqi Kingdom after Toyotomi Hideyoshi’s Expedition to Kyushu in the 15th year of Tensho (1587). In the fifth year of Keicho’s 5th year (1600) at the Battle of Sekigahara, he expressed a neutral attitude. After the war, he exchanged for Antai, who was in the territory of 63,000 stones, and confirmed the status of the Hirato clan. During his tenure, international trade was owned by the clan economy. Important source.
The 4th generation Jinxin (Tianxiang) divided Jinfuling’s 1,500 stone territory to his brother Shinzhen. During his administration, the Dutch business hall was forcibly moved (in the meaning of the shogunate) from Hirado Castle to Nagasaki in the 18th year of Hirado (1641), which caused great financial difficulties for the clan. In order to strengthen the internal affairs of the clan, a comprehensive cadastral survey was carried out, as well as the revitalization of agriculture, fisheries, and commerce, which consolidated the financial foundation of the clan. In the 4th year of Zhenxiang (1687), he also reformed the remuneration system for his retainers, changing from a knowledge-based system to a salary system.
The 5th generation dong divided another 10,000 stone territory to his younger brother Chang and established the Hirado Nitta clan.
The last lord
The era of the 12 generations of interpretation is over. After the second Changzhou conquest, public opinion in the feudal dynasty tilted towards the curtain, and after the Boshin War in Keio 4 years (1868), the direction of the participating officers and the military was determined. At the same time, military reforms were carried out, and they were organized into Western-style troops and moved to Ozhou.
After the feudal clan was abolished and the prefecture was established in the 4th year of Meiji (1871), the Hirado clan was transformed into Hirado Prefecture and later merged with Nagasaki Prefecture. In the 17th year of Meiji (1884), the head of the Matsuura family was awarded the second class of the Earl and the Second Order, and he was a member of the Chinese (nobles).