Acrophobia is an extreme or irrational fear or phobia of heights, especially when one is not particularly high up. It belongs to a category of specific phobias, called space and motion discomfort, that share both similar causes and options for treatment.
Fear is a common human emotion arising from a response to threatening stimuli, both physically and mentally. And it is the human instinct to survive from those dangers or dangers. But for some people A feeling of fear that is too strong And it doesn’t make sense, is a psychiatric disorder.
What is a phobia ?
Even about a third of people experience fear. Anxiety and uneasiness when faced with heights But not everyone has symptoms of Fear of heights (Acrophobia) , which is one type of phobia (Phobia) is a psychiatric disorder. The patient will have fear when faced with the object or situation that the patient is afraid. Avoid the fear At the same time, it also causes dizziness, palpitations, difficulty breathing, and possibly loss of consciousness.
Fear is an emotional response to a perceived threat. While phobia is similar to fear. But there is a difference in that the fear and anxiety it brings. Can interfere with the quality of life And the ability to work, however, he is afraid of heights. It is a cause of fear of things related to heights. Or being away from the ground This depends on the severity of your phobia. Because some people may have a fear of being on a building as high as With climbing the ladder
People with fear of heights Often avoiding altitude situations But that avoidance is not always possible. When faced with heights The nervous system is stimulated to prepare the body for an emergency situation. Arousal leads to the so-called “arousal” response. A fight-or-flight response, which is a physical reaction that takes place in response to an event that is felt to be dangerous. Risk of being hurt Or risk losing life People with fear of heights will have dizziness. There is an increased heart rate, shortness of breath, sweating, anxiety, tremors, and possibly nausea and abdominal pain.
Mastering the fear of heights
For behavioral learning Behaviorist (Behaviourist) mostly studied fear and fear of heights. Using the classical conditioning theory and to demonstrate how the theory is described. Consider climbing the tree for the first time. Which, according to the perspective of behaviorist Those who climb the tree for the first time have no fear.
But if you fall down a tree That may be the cause of fear.
Behaviorists predict that Experiencing ascent and being injured from a fall As a result, learning links negative events related to height. It tends to make people afraid of heights. Experiencing some problems which are difficult to explain to the cause of people with phobias who have never experienced fearful situations But can cause severe fear The best explanation could be rationale for a combination of behavior and evolutionary perspectives. But even so Acrobatics can cure or alleviate symptoms such as psychotherapy. Exposure therapy, drug use, etc.
Yoga relaxation, deep breathing, meditation, or muscle relaxation can also help you cope with the stress and anxiety associated with acrophobia. And exercising regularly is another simple method. That can help heal and relieve stress from fear as well.
Rebekah Boynton and Anne Swinbourne, (2017, October 16), Health Check: why are some people afraid of heights?
Lisa Fritscher, (2020, June 25), Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment. of Acrophobia.