How is the engineering process important to STEM education?
STEM is an approach to learning and development that integrates the areas of science, technology, engineering and mathematics. Through STEM, students develop key skills including: problem solving.
It is well known that STEM Education is a learning management that focuses on the students to create their own knowledge. This is the integration of knowledge science in four disciplines: Science (S = Science) Technology (T = Technology) Engineering (E = Engineering) and mathematics (M = Mathematics) or as we know it as STEM (STEM) to connect knowledge, leading to the application of new innovations. Including the process of solving problems in the work and life of the learners A field of knowledge that corresponds to the learner’s ability to solve problems and be able to judge problems that arise immediately. Or problems with limited factors or scope Important in the process of solving this problem, aside from science, knowledge and scientific quest skills, can not be overlooked in the engineering process as well.
What is the engineering process? How is it different from engineering? And how important is STEM education? When talking about engineering, it refers to science that is the application of knowledge, skills, processes and expertise in science Economy and putting it into practice Therefore, engineering in Stem refers to the science of processes. Rather than science or mathematics, it focuses on designing and planning to solve problems. Using various knowledge to create and design works under limitations Or specified conditions Which is the process of designing or creating something using a scientific principle or a scientific process.
Engineering is a conceptual science developed and applied from a combination of related sciences and interrelated to each other to create a link and integration, such as science, knowledge, science, mathematics and technology by engineering processes. Or Engineering Design Process: EDP in science, mathematics and technology in our home can be seen from the example of the EDP 5 steps in the form of the Institute for the Promotion of Teaching Science. Mathematics and Technology (IPST) as follows:
- Starting from Identifying a problem: Identify a Challenge
- Searching for related ideas: Explore Ideas
- Planning and development: Plan & Develop
- Testing and evaluation. : Test & Evaluate and
- Result presentation: Present the Solution We can see that these processes focus on problem solving processes.
Think systematically Think creatively Brainstorming, Planning, Problem Solving Including development and implementation in the real world as well.
Engineering is not the only science that is present or documented in the curriculum. But engineering also focuses on problem-solving processes, which we call engineering processes. Engineering also generates learning from solving real problems. The creation of knowledge through action by oneself It can be seen that the learning process is essential to the development of new technologies. Causing something new New innovations Causing the country to develop in line with the world up to the technology that is very advanced in the present era We will be able to apply various learning methods to develop innovations or solve new problems that arise in our daily life or even in the workplace. The goal of learning engineering in STEM is Learning about solving problems in a systematic way As well as using the scientific quest to solve problems. Which, if already mentioned, the two processes are similar and consistent. Because both give the learners a body of knowledge by themselves Causing efficiency, effectiveness in learning really as well